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The French president is currently cracking down on calls from his own country to turn to Poland. It comes just a few months before France goes to the polls for the national elections. The dispute surrounds a recent Polish court ruling that challenged the EU’s legal basis.
The Constitutional Court declared that a selection of articles of the EU treaty was incompatible with the Polish constitution.
This led to the EU ordering Poland to pay € 1million (£ 851,000) per day in fines.
However, the ruling party in Poland has argued that it will not pay the sum.
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Personalities on the left and on the right are calling on France to assert its national sovereignty.
Mr Macron has been relatively silent on the matter, with experts telling Politico he is more than aware of what this ordeal could mean for France and Brussels.
Mujtaba Rahman, chief executive of the Eurasia group, spoke with several sources close to Mr Macron in an analysis for Politico last month, trying to define the next steps he could take.
Some have said that the French president is ready to defend the “first principles” of the EU if necessary.
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Mr Rahman wrote: “He is prepared to argue that the EU’s single market would collapse – with dire consequences for France – if each country were able to impose its own laws or if, as in in the case of Poland, the rule of law itself was eroded. “
The author added that Mr. Macron is “ready” to argue that EU law is not “imposed” on France, and will instead say that it is democratically accepted by the governments of the European Council and directly elected members of the European Parliament.
Yet officials said he was simultaneously anxious not to come across as slavishly pro-EU.
Whatever the outcome, Mr. Macron has a fight to wage.
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Valérie Pécresse, leader of the Paris region, who is campaigning for the presidential candidate of the conservative Les Républicains party in the April elections, told reporters in October: “Europe is a Europe of nations.
“This means that our constitutional laws, our constitutional identity, each, each sovereign state, must prevail over European jurisdiction. “
And, the former government minister of the Socialist Party Arnaud Montebourg, another presidential hopeful, welcomed the Polish decision: “The assertion by Poland of its national sovereignty by law is an important event.
“France, which does not share Poland’s political tendencies, will nevertheless have to carry out the same affirmation of the superiority of its laws over European decisions. “
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In what was seen as a move to secure his party’s nomination for the presidential race, in September he called for a referendum on the issue and said France must regain its “legal sovereignty” in order to no longer be subject to immigration judgments by the Court of Justice of the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights, the latter not being an EU institution.
However, following the Polish decision, he expressed his concerns about the outcome of it, an “irony” which, according to Politico, was “not lost on his opponents”.
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Xavier Bertrand, another presidential hopeful from the ranks of the Republicans, proposed to modify the French constitution to introduce “a mechanism to safeguard the superior interests of France”.
In the ranks of the same party, Eric Ciotti, another presidential candidate, made a similar proposal.
Things are made even more difficult given that France assumes the rotating Presidency of the Council of the EU in the first half of 2022 and will likely be responsible for managing Poland’s decision.