Andrés Manuel López Obrador told the UN Security Council that this proposal could generate around $ 1 trillion per year, which should go directly to the poorest people in the world “without any middleman, through a card or a wallet. personalized electronics ”.
In a scathing speech to the most powerful organ of the UN, the Mexican leader sharply criticized the nations of the world for failing to tackle corruption in all its forms – political, moral, economic, legal, fiscal and financial – which he called “the planet’s biggest problem.” “
“The spirit of cooperation is losing ground in favor of the desire for profit, and this is leading us to slide from civilization to barbarism,” warned López Obrador. “We move forward, alienated, forgetting moral principles and turning our backs on the pain of humanity. “
“If we are not able to reverse these trends with specific actions, we will not be able to solve any of the other problems affecting the peoples of the world,” he said.
López Obrador said that in the coming days, Mexico will propose to the United Nations General Assembly “a global plan for brotherhood and well-being” to guarantee the right to a decent life to 750 million people trying to exist on less than $ 2 a day.
He said the proposal can be funded with money from three sources: an annual voluntary contribution of 4% of the income of the world’s richest 1,000 people, a similar contribution of 4% of the largest 1,000 companies. private according to their market value, and 0.2% of the GDP of the countries of the Group of the 20 largest world economies.
López Obrador accused the United Nations, with UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres listening, of failing to help those at the bottom of the economic ladder, saying: “Nothing really substantial has been done. made for the benefit of the poor in the history of this organization. “
“But it’s never too late to ensure that justice is done,” he said. “It is time to act today against marginalization, addressing the causes and not just the consequences.
UN spokesperson Stéphane Dujarric responded that globally, poverty rates fell from 36% in 1990 to 8.4% in 2019.
“The Millennium Development Goals, adopted in 2000, provided a first roadmap for action to support this downward trajectory; it has since been extended to a global framework for the well-being of people and the planet with the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals in 2015, SDG 1 being specifically focused on the eradication of poverty ”, a- he declared.
Guterres, who addressed the council ahead of the Mexican president’s speech, said the COVID-19 pandemic “has amplified misery and inequality,” pushing an additional 120 million people into poverty, millions more around the world face hunger and famine and the world faces “the deepest global recession since World War II.”
“People in wealthier countries are receiving third doses of the COVID-19 vaccine, while only 5% of Africans are fully vaccinated,” he said. “Even before the pandemic, the world’s billionaires held more wealth than 60% of the world’s population – and that gap has widened dramatically. “
The UN chief said rising inequalities are a factor of growing instability.
“Today we face the greatest number of violent conflicts since 1945” and “a dangerous sense of impunity is setting in – as evidenced by recent forcible takeovers, including military coups “, did he declare.
“Human rights and the rule of law are under attack,” Guterres said. “From Afghanistan, where girls are once again denied an education – and women are denied their rightful place in society. In Myanmar, where minorities are targeted, brutalized and forced to flee. In Ethiopia, where a man-made humanitarian crisis is unfolding before our eyes.
The secretary-general called for investing equally in the development of all, for more rigorous monitoring of growing inequalities to respond quickly to grievances, including women in peacebuilding, and to ensure that national institutions represent all peoples. “It means systems of justice that apply to all, equally – not just the rich or those in power,” he said.
Presidential statement endorsed by all 15 council members says exclusion and inequality can be “aggravating factors” in conflict, and it is important that conflict and post-conflict governments “tackle the drivers”. longstanding instability and inequality ”.
The council also stressed the importance of a comprehensive approach to peacekeeping that includes addressing root causes, strengthening the rule of law, promoting economic growth, eradicating poverty, promoting national reconciliation and mediating grievances “based on religious, ethnic, racial and other differences. . ”