Russia’s anti-satellite weapon test created 1,500 space debris, prompting ISS astronauts to take shelter in escape pods – .

0
8
Russia’s anti-satellite weapon test created 1,500 space debris, prompting ISS astronauts to take shelter in escape pods – .


Last week, on November 15, Russia launched its Anti-Satellite Weapon (ASAT) to deliberately smash the non-operational 4,410-pound Cosmos 1408 satellite that was launched into space in 1982. However, this caused a huge space debris cloud that includes 1,500 traceable sized pieces of debris.

It was not well received by many, and one company expressed concern over Russia’s “irresponsible act” to endanger the crew aboard the International Space Station (ISS) and all space nations.

(Photo : Wikimedia Commons)
SpaceJunk, Miguel Soares, 2001, 3D animation.

Russia’s anti-satellite weapon test resulted in huge cloud of space waste

Space debris is debris from launch vehicles or parts of a discarded spacecraft floating in space hundreds of kilometers from the Earth’s surface. As Science Times previously reported, space debris poses a great danger because it increases the risk of collision with space station satellites.

But recently, a huge cloud of space debris has been created after Russia deliberately smashed its 40-year-old non-operational satellite using its anti-satellite weapon. The move has been criticized by countries and other space companies, calling it irresponsible.

Daily Mail reported that based on readings from sensors from EU Space Surveillance and Tracking (EU SST), experts confirmed the rupture of Cosmos 1408 in low earth orbit which has now become even more congested than it did. ‘was before.

They said kinetic anti-satellite tests are typically performed against objects for strategic purposes or to demonstrate or test the technological capabilities of a new technology developed by a country.

But this is not the first time that a satellite has been intentionally broken as China, the United States and India have done the same in the past and created huge trails of space debris. The EU’s ESS said these types of tests lead to the creation of more space debris that puts satellites, spacecraft and astronauts at risk.

RELATED ARTICLE: Space Trash Cleanup Now Possible With Tiny AuroraSat-1 CubeSat Launching Later This Year

Is it advisable to detonate satellites in space?

Four NASA astronauts, who arrived at the space station a week before via the SpaceX Dragon capsule, were awakened when the space agency called them and instructed them to go to the spacecraft docked at the space station. Likewise, two cosmonauts were ordered to take cover in their Soyuz spacecraft. The astronauts remained in these orbital lifeboats for about two hours as the ISS passed through the huge cloud of space debris from the Russian ASAT.

NASA was forced to cancel a handful of planned activities and warned the schedule could be fluctuating due to the unexpected event. Mission Control said in a statement that it was a “crazy way to start a mission” for the astronauts who had just arrived.

Deputy Aerospace Security Project Director Kaitlyn Johnson said she was shocked Russia chose to test ASAT the way it did, which shredded the satellite whose debris crosses the path of the space station and endangering the lives of astronauts on board.

NBC News reported that the Russian Defense Ministry has confirmed the test and denies any risk to the ISS. They claim that the United States was aware of the resulting fragment, but that it did not and will not pose a threat to orbital stations, spacecraft and space activities.

So the real question is whether ASAT testing is recommended. Although space is a finite resource, there is a theoretical limit to its carrying capacity, called “orbital carrying capacity”.

According to The Atlantic, a day may come when humans exceed this capacity as orbit bands become so crowded that it will become more difficult for new and departed satellites to navigate, and blowing up satellites in space will only do so. ‘make it worse.

RELATED ARTICLE: Russia Confirms Destroying Old Rocket; Said NASA’s anti-satellite missile did not harm ISS astronauts

Discover more news and information about Space in Science Times.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here