Joe Biden has promised that if the United States returns to the Iran nuclear deal, it will only leave it if Tehran clearly breaks the terms of the deal.
The US president made this commitment, which responds to one of Iran’s main negotiating demands, in a joint statement issued with Germany, France and the United Kingdom. The statement follows a meeting on the sidelines of the G20 in Rome attended by Biden, Germany’s Angela Merkel, Frenchman Emmanuel Macron and Britain’s Boris Johnson.
The key paragraph of a lengthy statement reads: “We welcome President Biden’s clearly demonstrated commitment to bring the United States back into full compliance with the JCPOA. [joint comprehensive plan of action] and remain in full compliance, as long as Iran does the same. “
This commitment was greeted by Mikhail Ulyanov, the Russian ambassador to multilateral bodies in Vienna, where discussions on the future of the Iran nuclear deal have been on hiatus since June.
Throughout the talks, Iran has sought a commitment, ideally legally substantiated, that if Iran returns to the deal, future U.S. administrations will not repeat the walkout of previous President Donald Trump, who s ‘accompanied by the imposition of stricter economic sanctions against Iran. financial institutions and political bodies.
Biden is crippled by the value of any guarantees he can give Iran because the nuclear deal is not a signed treaty approved by the US Senate, and he cannot tie the hands of future US administrations.
However, Biden’s pledge, endorsed by the three major European powers, may be a sign that the United States wants to create a more positive atmosphere before the resumption of the Vienna talks than Iran has – after much pressure and pressure. delay – promised will happen at some point. peak in November. There have already been six rounds of talks, but they broke down in June to allow Iran’s new government, led by President Ebrahim Raisi, to review its negotiating strategy.
US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said on Sunday that the United States was “absolutely in tune” with Britain, Germany and France to bring Iran back into a nuclear deal, but added it was not clear whether Tehran was ready to join the talks in a “meaningful way.” “
“It really depends on Iran’s willingness to do it,” Blinken said of reintegration into the nuclear talks. “All of our countries, working with Russia and China for that matter, firmly believe that this would be the best way forward,” he added.
“But we don’t yet know if Iran is ready to come back for meaningful engagement,” Blinken said. “But if it doesn’t, if it doesn’t, then together we are looking at all the options needed to deal with this problem. “
The change in tone in the United States comes a week after a cyber attack disabled Iranian gas stations, an attack attributed Sunday by Brigadier General Gholamreza Jalali, the head of the Iranian civil defense organization, to Israel and the United States.
The West is increasingly concerned that Iran’s delay is a subterfuge and that Tehran has used the hiatus to bolster its uranium stocks, weaken the UN nuclear inspection process and become familiar with the use of advanced centrifuges capable of producing highly enriched uranium. . The United States is concerned that Iran’s “breakthrough” time to develop a nuclear weapon is shrinking and that the value of returning to the deal is rapidly diminishing. He has looked at alternative options if he decides diplomacy won’t work.
Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian said in an interview published over the weekend that there was no need for negotiation and the easiest solution was for Biden to issue an executive order saying he went back to the nuclear deal and lift the sanctions.
Amir-Abdollahian said his administration is adopting a balanced foreign policy, a sentence implying that Iran will deprioritize relations with the West, including major European powers.