Under the new legislation, adults over 18 in Luxembourg will be allowed to consume cannabis and grow up to four plants per household, making it the first country in Europe to fully legalize production and distribution. drug use.
Decriminalization will also significantly reduce the current fines for drug possession to between $ 29 and $ 581 for possession of three grams or less, from $ 291 to $ 2,910 today.
However, the consumption of cannabis in public will remain illegal.
Trade in the seeds would also be allowed under the new legislation, with no limit on the amount or levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive component of cannabis.
The new legislation has the backing of the governing coalition, but a vote in parliament is still needed to confirm the new proposals.
This places Luxembourg, a small, landlocked country with a population of just over 600,000, at the forefront of a growing movement across the continent to relax cannabis laws.
Italy will likely decide whether or not to decriminalize cannabis in a referendum next year, after campaign groups manage to muster the 500,000 signatures required to force a vote.
The use of cannabis is not criminalized by Italian law and medical marijuana is permitted. However, the buying, selling and mass cultivation of the weed is illegal and dealers could face up to 10 years in prison if found guilty.
If the public votes to decriminalize cannabis, the buying, selling and cultivation of the drug will all become legal there.