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Les dirigeants du G20 n'ont pas réussi à se mettre d'accord sur un engagement solide pour lutter contre le changement climatique avant la conférence sur le climat COP26.
Leaders of the world’s 20 largest economies agreed that keeping global warming 1.5 ° C below pre-industrial levels will require “meaningful and effective action and commitment from all countries.”
They didn’t say what those actions might be and said they recognized the relevance of stopping net emissions “by or around the middle of the century” – removing the 2050 date seen in previous versions. of the final declaration to make the objective less specific.
The leaders agreed to end public funding for overseas coal-fired power generation, but set no targets for the national phase-out of coal.
The lack of agreement on the domestic issue is directly linked to the main carbon polluters, China and India, and represents the failure of leaders to agree on a key issue.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who on Friday warned the world was rushing headlong into climate catastrophe, said: “While I welcome the G20’s re-engagement for global solutions, I am leaving Rome with my hopes unfulfilled – but at least they’re not buried.
“On to COP26 in Glasgow to maintain the 1.5 ° C target and implement promises of funding and adaptation for people and the planet. “
A spokeswoman for sustainable development advocacy group Global Citizen said the lack of a definitive timeline “is not enough.”
“That the G20 did not align with this fundamental fact is close to neglect both for the people and for the planet,” she said.
And she also expressed her anger at leaders who have failed to commit any emergency aid to help Madagascar, which is on the verge of declaring the first famine caused by climate change after four years without rain.
Two-day talks in Rome close before the world conference COP26 climate summit, the group of 20 leaders sought to find common ground and definitive commitments on how to cut emissions while helping poorer countries cope with the impact of climate change.
The 20 members, which include the UK, US, China, India, Brazil, Russia and the EU, account for more than three quarters of global greenhouse gas emissions.
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Also at the G20, the US and the EU agreed to crack down on “dirty steel” which produces carbon emissions by preventing steel made in China from accessing their markets.
US President Joe Biden and European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen made a joint appearance at the end of the summit in which they said the move resolved the trade dispute sparked by former President Donald Trump.
Ms von der Leyen, who repeatedly called the president “dear Joe”, said all like-minded economies could participate in the deal.
G20 leaders also approved a 15% global minimum corporate tax, which was approved by G20 finance ministers in July.
The tax aims to minimize the ability of multinational companies to use tax havens to make massive profits while avoiding taxes in the countries in which they operate.
Leaders also set a goal of vaccinating at least 40% of the population of each country against COVID-19 by the end of 2021 and 70% by June 2022.
But Global Citizen told Sky News “there is no plan to make it happen” and wondered where the doses would come from as there is still little data on vaccine production and distribution.