The committee was due to release the report on Wednesday and then vote on it a week later. The group of seven opposition senators generally agree with the report, Calheiros said, suggesting it would be approved. The Times considered what was described as a final version, although details may still change before its publication.
One of the four senators on the committee who support the president is his son, Flavio Bolsonaro. The report he will vote on next week will also recommend criminal charges against him.
In addition to the homicide and genocide charges, the report recommends nine additional charges against Mr. Bolsonaro, including document forgery and “crimes against humanity”.
If the report is approved, Brazil’s attorney general will have 30 days to decide whether or not to pursue criminal charges against Mr. Bolsonaro and the others named in the report. Brazil’s lower house in Congress is also expected to approve the charges against Mr Bolsonaro. Mr De Souza said the outcome was unlikely: Mr Bolsonaro has appointed the attorney general, who remains his supporter, and his supporters control the lower house.
Mr Calheiros said if the attorney general did not pursue the prosecution of the president, the Senate committee would seek other potential legal avenues, including before the Supreme Court of Brazil and the International Criminal Court in The Hague.
If Mr Bolsonaro is formally charged, he will be suspended from his duties for 180 days while the Supreme Court decides the case, said Irapuã Santana, a law professor at Rio de Janeiro State University. If found guilty, he would be expelled from the presidency for eight years and face years in prison, Mr Santana said. There is no death penalty in Brazil.
Mr Bolsonaro, Brazil’s 38th president, is reportedly not the first to face homicide charges. Brazil’s 13th President Washington Luis was arrested and charged with murder in 1930 after the assassination of an opposition politician, Santana said. Once Mr. Luis was deposed, the military took control and installed a political rival for the presidency.