Amazon’s New Net Zero Carbon Commitment Focuses on Ocean Fuels – .

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Amazon’s New Net Zero Carbon Commitment Focuses on Ocean Fuels – .


Amazon and IKEA are among the leading companies pushing the shipping industry to adopt zero-carbon fuel sources for ships by 2040.
Shipping accounts for 1 billion tonnes of carbon emissions per year, according to the Clean Air Task Force, which worked with the Aspen Institute on a plan to accelerate a market for carbon-free transportation among the world’s largest shipowners. cargo ships of the world. Tuesday’s announcement included other consumer-facing companies such as Patagonia, Brooks Running, Inditex, Michelin, Unilever, Tchibo and Frog Bikes. The ad did not include freight companies.

In 2018, the International Maritime Organization set an initial target of reducing carbon emissions from international maritime transport by at least 50% by 2050 compared to 2008.

According to research by the Clean Air Task Force, for the IMO to achieve its goals, a large portion of the international maritime fleet would need to switch to net zero carbon fuels. The CATF cited ammonia as a likely option for the navy, although it noted that ammonia is about 3 to 7 times more expensive than conventional marine fuel.

His research also suggests that liquefied natural gas is a transition – but only a transition fuel – and that small-scale nuclear on board ships is an under-explored option for the future. He estimated that ships could switch to LNG for a 15% reduction in carbon emissions, but that figure would depend on reducing methane leaks “well below current levels”.

“In order to tackle the climate crisis, we need to rapidly decarbonize shipping,” said Jonathon Lewis, director of transport decarbonization at CATF, in a statement announcing the consortium of merchants.

The CATF said in its research that US shipping is responsible for 80 million tonnes of CO2 emissions, a growing number, and for the US maritime fleet to meet the IMO 2050 deadline, the use of marine ammonia is expected to reach 47 million. tons.

CATF proposes to manufacture marine ammonia from renewable energies (called green ammonia), nuclear power, or carbon capture and storage operations in industries, including fossil fuels (called blue ammonia ). But he noted that there is still a long way to go to “make marine ammonia a reality”.

The current production of ammonia has a carbon footprint, mostly coming from the fertilizer industry.

In March of this year, several of the leading freight companies, including Maersk, Fleet Management Limited, Keppel Offshore & Marine, Sumitomo Corporation and Yara International, began a study into a green ammonia supply chain at the Port of Singapore.

“Emitting zero CO2 when burned, ammonia has long been considered one of the most promising alternative marine fuels for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the shipping industry”, the group said in a statement.

“So far, it is unclear what measures could achieve the IMO target emission reductions (much less, Paris Agreement-compliant reductions), but it is unlikely that this will be due to the IMO alone. technology, ”CATF wrote in its report. on the decarbonization of transport. And he said: “The switch to ammonia will require an intense and coordinated effort on a global scale. “

The IMO itself put in place a mandatory system for collecting data on the fuel consumption of ships in March 2018 and has set itself the target of building new ships 30% more energy efficient by 2025. than those built in 2014, according to its greenhouse gas reduction plan.

Over the past few years, Amazon has stepped up its commitment to reducing its carbon footprint while taking more control of its massive logistics operations. In 2019, Amazon first unveiled its commitment to meeting the goals of the Paris climate agreement through the use of renewable energies and new transportation technologies, such as electric delivery vehicles, 10 years before the Paris deadline.

Among its most notable investments in carbon-free transportation is electric vehicle maker Rivian, which has raised billions from venture capitalists including Amazon. The retail giant plans to buy 100,000 electric vehicles from Rivian, and by 2020 Amazon said it has already delivered more than 20 million packages using electric vehicles. The retail giant rolled out its custom electric delivery vehicles earlier this year and says it will have 10,000 vehicles on the road by 2022.

Amazon’s own logistics footprint has grown in recent years to include direct competition with third-party shipping services. By 2028, Amazon is expected to acquire 200 planes for its freight needs.

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