the world is at a “turning point” and is heading in the wrong direction – .

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the world is at a “turning point” and is heading in the wrong direction – .


NEW YORK – UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has issued a serious warning that the world is headed in the wrong direction and faces “a pivotal moment” where the continuation of the status quo could lead to a breakdown in the world order and a future of perpetual crisis. Changing course could signal a breakthrough towards a greener and more secure future, he said.

The UN chief said the nations and peoples of the world must reverse today’s dangerous trends and choose “the scenario of disruption”.

The world is under “enormous stress” on almost every front, he said, and the COVID-19 pandemic has been a wake-up call demonstrating the failure of nations to come together and take action. common decisions to help all peoples in the face of a global crisis. vital emergency.

Guterres said this “paralysis” extends far beyond COVID-19 to the failure of the fight against the climate crisis and “our suicidal war on nature and the collapse of biodiversity,” ” uncontrolled inequality “undermining the cohesion of societies; and advances in technology” without a guardrail to protect us from its unintended consequences. “

In other signs of a more chaotic and precarious world, he highlighted the increase in poverty, hunger and gender inequalities after decades of decline, the extreme risk to human life and the planet. nuclear war and climate collapse, and inequality, discrimination and injustice bring people onto the streets to protest “as conspiracy theories and lies fuel deep divisions within societies” .

In an analytical report presented to the General Assembly and at a press conference on Friday, Guterres said his vision of the “disastrous scenario” towards a greener and safer world is driven by “the principle of working together, recognizing that we are accountable to each other and that no community or country, however powerful, can solve its challenges on its own. “

The report – “Our Common Agenda” – is a response to last year’s statement by world leaders on the 75th anniversary of the United Nations and the request of the 193 member countries of the Assembly for the UN chief to make recommendations to meet the challenges of global governance.

In today’s world, said Guterres, “global decision-making is geared towards immediate gain, ignoring the long-term consequences of decisions – or indecision.”

He said multilateral institutions have proven to be “too weak and fragmented for today’s global challenges and risks”.

What is needed, Guterres said, is not new multilateral bureaucracies, but more effective multilateral institutions, including a United Nations ‘2.0’ more fit for the 21st century.

“And we need biting multilateralism,” he said.

In the report outlining his vision to “fix” the world, Guterres said immediate action is needed to protect the planet’s “most valuable” assets, from oceans to outer space, to ensure that it is livable and to meet the aspirations of people around the world for peace and good health.

He called for an immediate global immunization plan implemented by an emergency task force, saying that “investing $ 50 billion in vaccinations now could add an estimated $ 9 trillion to the global economy over the years. next four years ”.

The report proposes that a Future World Summit be held in 2023, which would not only consider all of these issues, but go beyond traditional security threats “to strengthen global governance of digital technology and space, and to manage future risks and crises ”. he said.

He would also envision a new agenda for peace that would include measures to reduce strategic risks from nuclear weapons, cyber warfare and lethal autonomous weapons, which Guterres called mankind’s most destabilizing inventions.

The secretary-general said that a new United Nations laboratory for the future would publish regular reports “on megatrends and risks”.

He said the COVID-19 pandemic has also exposed loopholes in the global financial system.

To address these weaknesses and integrate the global financial system with other global priorities, Guterres has proposed to hold summits every two years of the 20 major economies of the G20, the UN Economic and Social Council, heads of institutions. international financial institutions, including the International Monetary Fund and World Bank and the UN Secretary General.

He also called for correcting “a major blind spot in the way we measure progress and prosperity,” saying gross domestic product or GDP does not take into account “the untold social and environmental damage that can be caused. by the pursuit of profit ”.

“My report calls for new measures that value the lives and well-being of the many rather than the short-term profit of the few,” said Guterres.

He also calls for a new emergency platform that would be triggered automatically in large-scale crises comprising governments, the United Nations system, international financial institutions, civil society, the private sector and others, a he declared.

Guterres also proposed to “reassign” the UN Trusteeship Council, whose work is largely completed, “to create an intergovernmental body for intergenerational issues” that would be a platform to consider the interests of the whole world. human family, present and future.

As part of a new focus on the world’s young people and future generations, Guterres said he intends to appoint a special envoy for future generations to safeguard the interests of those born in the 21st century. and to establish a new United Nations Office for Youth.

Claiming that much of the global malaise is rooted in poverty and growing inequality, Guterres noted that the 10 richest men have seen their combined wealth increase by half a trillion dollars since the start of the pandemic of COVID-19 while 55% of the world’s population, or 4 billion people, “are one step away from poverty, without any social protection. “

To address threats to social stability, the UN chief recommended a series of measures “to provide universal health coverage, education, housing, decent work and income protection for all, everywhere. “.

Guterres has proposed to hold a World Social Summit in 2025 on global efforts to address these issues and mend the social fabric.

The secretary-general also proposed global action to tackle disinformation and conspiracy theories and promote facts, science and “integrity” in public discourse.

“We have to start lying again,” Guterres said.

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