Ahmad Massoud, son of a legendary Mujahedin commander, leads the heavily armed uprising.
It is not known how many casualties were suffered by the rebel force.
Massoud – son of Ahmad Shah Massoud – swore that his army of rebels “will fight to the last breath”.
Known as the National Afghan Resistance Front, they are based in a mountain redoubt in Panjshir, north of Kabul, and have seen their numbers swell with West-trained Afghan fighters fleeing the city.
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Senior Afghan spy and ousted vice president Amrullah Saleh, who has a spy ring inside Kabul, argues Massoud, 32.
The uprising has raised fears of an all-out civil war in Afghanistan as British and US troops desperately attempt to evacuate thousands from Kabul.
A source told us: “In the past three days, remnants of the Afghan national defense and security forces have surrendered to Panjshir.
“They strengthen, join and support Massoud’s alliance.
“The Taliban are being attacked on several fronts in multiple assaults, but they will send reinforcements north to retaliate. “
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Massoud’s father – known as the “lion of Panjshir” – was assassinated by al-Qaeda days before September 11.
He led the CIA-backed Northern Alliance, which overthrew the Taliban in 2002 and stabilized the country.
It is hoped that the attacks carried out by his son will save more evacuation time.
Massoud fears that the Taliban regime in Afghanistan will once again give al Qaeda the freedom to plot a 9/11 atrocity – possibly in the UK.
He said: “The Taliban is not a problem for the Afghan people alone. Under the control of the Taliban, Afghanistan will become the Ground Zero of radical Islamist terrorism. Plots against democracies will be hatching here once again.
In a letter to the Washington Post asking for arms and help, he said: “I am ready to follow in my father’s footsteps, with Mujahedin fighters who are ready to face the Taliban again.
Massoud, who completed a one-year military course at Sandhurst, graduated from King’s College London.