Joe Biden has set a goal that half of all new vehicle sales in the United States will be electric by 2030, while raising pollution standards for cars and trucks, as part of a roadblock of actions to reduce the largest source of gas heating the planet in America.
On Thursday, the White House laid out its plan to tackle the climate crisis by reducing vehicle emissions, with Biden preparing to sign an executive order requiring that 50% of all new cars and trucks sold by the end of the decade are powered by electric batteries. .
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the US Department of Transportation, meanwhile, are unveiling new fuel efficiency standards for vehicles to tighten pollution rules that were weakened under President Donald Trump. From 2023, new cars will have to emit 10% less greenhouse gas emissions compared to the previous year, with additional reductions of 5% per year mandatory until 2026.
The development of this strategy follows months of talks between the Biden administration and major automakers, and the White House hopes will be associated with a new infrastructure bill that will fund a major upgrade of the points. charging station in the United States. The administration said the move would cut CO2 emissions by 2 billion tonnes, save 200 billion gallons of gasoline and save drivers several hundred dollars in fuel savings.
“It’s hard to overstate the importance of these new vehicle emission standards,” said Dan Lashof, director of the World Resources Institute. “With the infrastructure investments currently under consideration in Congress, these standards will be among the most effective measures the Biden administration can take to address the climate crisis. “
Trump’s decline in clean car standards was initially welcomed by the auto industry, but many automakers have since indicated their willingness to focus more on electric vehicles. Executives from Ford, GM, Stellantis, formerly Fiat Chrysler, as well as the United Auto Workers (UAW) union will appear with Biden at a White House event Thursday to support the changes.
Electric vehicles made up less than 2% of all car sales in the United States last year, with many Americans still preferring large, carbon-intensive SUVs. However, sales of electric vehicles are increasing rapidly and manufacturers have started releasing a range of new models – in May, Ford, which said 40% of its sales will be electric by 2030, unveiled a battery-powered version of its F-Model 150, which has been the best-selling vehicle in the United States since the 1980s.
A joint statement from Ford, GM and Stellantis said the companies are targeting 40 to 50 percent of electricity sales by 2030. “This represents a dramatic change from today’s US market,” the statement said. , adding that this could only be achieved if the federal government is able to offer incentives for the purchase of electric cars, invest in new charging infrastructure and increase funding for research and development.
Some climate advocates argue that the President’s measures do not go far enough, as fuel efficiency standards mirror those of California, which struck a compromise deal with automakers during the Trump era, rather than d ” impose a major upgrade from previous standards.
“We’ve already lost four years of climate progress under Donald Trump, and we can’t afford to waste any more time,” said Becca Ellison, deputy director of policy at Evergreen Action. “In order to meet our climate goals and build a future with more good jobs and less toxic pollution, President Biden should champion a much faster transition to electric vehicles. “
Biden has set a goal for the United States to reach net zero emissions by 2050, a goal that experts say will only be met if America phased out sales of gasoline and diesel cars by 2050. 2035. Activists want the president to quickly call the time internally. Combustion engine. “Biden cannot see himself as the climate chairman with a 50% electric vehicle target,” said Varshini Prakash, executive director of the Sunrise Movement.. « FDR didn’t set a goal of winning half the war, and JFK didn’t set a goal of reaching half the moon.