The 21 proposals include targets for reducing pesticide use, reducing plastic waste and channeling US $ 200 billion per year for nature conservation in developing countries. They will be voted on by the 196 countries of the United Nations Convention on Biodiversity at its next meeting in October.
Climate change worsens conditions for endangered species
With around one million species now threatened with extinction, countries are urged to conserve 30% of their land and sea territories by 2030.
Currently, about 17% of the land and 7% of the seas are under some kind of protection. Elsewhere, there are few limits to the overfishing, development, mining or industrial pollution that has reduced wild habitats around the world.
And the challenges of climate change, including extreme weather conditions, ocean acidification and drought, are causing additional stress for many species.
The United States, Britain and more than 50 countries have made the so-called 30 by 30 a conservation pledge. Scientists say that for the greatest impact, these areas should be rich in wildlife, rather than barren.
But the proposals as drafted now could be difficult to implement in governments and industrial sectors, environmentalists said. There are so many individual goals that it could encourage countries to pick the right ones and ignore the rest, they said.
Environmentalists said the project lacked ambition
Some plans, such as ensuring appropriate conservation management or respecting indigenous rights, were too vague and open to interpretation, and there was no specified way to link these global goals to national plans, they declared.
“It is absolutely crucial that all of society can see itself in this framework and identify what contribution it can make to the protection of biodiversity,” said Thomas Brooks, ecologist at the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. “This agreement is not there yet. “
Having fewer targets, however, would undermine the complexity of biodiversity, said Francis Ogwal, co-chair of the Convention on Biodiversity, in a virtual press conference.
The proposals also include a call to reduce harmful government subsidies, such as those for the agriculture or fishing sectors, by US $ 500 billion per year.
The draft agreement is expected to be negotiated and signed at the next global biodiversity conference, scheduled for October in Kunming, China, just a month before the UN holds its next climate conference in Glasgow, Scotland. .