Un mouvement populaire a vu le jour dans la gauche française qui cherche à éviter une nouvelle confrontation entre le président français Emmanuel Macron et la dirigeante d'extrême droite Marine Le Pen, considérée par beaucoup comme l'inévitable revanche de l'élection présidentielle française de 2022. En unissant la gauche et les Verts derrière un seul candidat, le mouvement naissant espère offrir une alternative viable. Mais tout le monde n'est pas convaincu. </p><div> <p>Lassés des éternelles divisions qui divisent la gauche et de la probabilité d'un nouveau second tour Macron-Le Pen au second tour de la présidentielle de 2022, un groupe de jeunes militants français a décidé de faire bouger les choses avec ce qu'ils appellent un "populaire". primaire".
Among the founders of the Rencontre des Justices collective at the origin of the primary are Mathilde Imer, who helped establish the Citizen’s Climate Agreement on environmental action, and Samuel Grzybowski of the Coexister association, which supports interreligious dialogue. .
The group received the support of 178 left-wing and environmental deputies on July 30. They also have the support of several well-known personalities including former presidential candidate Noël Mamère des Verts, French climatologist Jean Jouzel and actress Juliette Binoche. .
“We want to go beyond the parties to find a candidate who can bring together all the key elements of the major events of Macron’s five-year term,” said Grzybowski, speaking to FRANCE 24. Macron’s first term saw the birth of the populist Jaune . Vest movement; protests against pension reform and police brutality; and demonstrations for more action on the environment.
The organizers of the primary believe that the same citizens who have mobilized for such causes in recent years may be able to form what they call a “justice league” in the face of the “right” and “neoliberal” blocs represented. by Le Pen and Macron, respectively.
“We are at a turning point and the next decade will be decisive for ecology and solidarity. Despite our past differences, it is now essential that we come together to meet the major challenges of the next 10 years, starting with 2022, ”said the group. said on its website.
There are normally two rounds in a French presidential election, with all eligible candidates competing in the first round. An absolute majority of all votes cast – that is, more than 50 percent – is required for a candidate to win the election outright. If no candidate obtains 50 percent, the two candidates with the most votes compete in a second ballot.
Candidates despite themselves
“We were inspired by the main demands of civil society to develop a common framework of 10 radical measures”, explains Grzybowski.
These measures are unmistakably on the left: they include the establishment of a climate law which would include all the proposals of the Citizen’s Convention on the Climate; the granting of a universal income from the age of 18; a reduction in the overall pay gap; equal parental leave; reduced working hours; and a crackdown on the trillions sitting overseas due to tax evasion by the rich.
In total, 13 political parties -om the left-wing La France Insoumise (France Unbowed) to the liberal CAP21 Verts party – took part in meetings to develop a framework proposal, but did not support the idea of organizing a primary.
Citizens were also invited to nominate their own candidates. “It’s a novelty because everyone, by registering for free on our platform, can propose the person of their choice whether or not they are a member of a political party,” says Grzybowski.
This created a sprawling list of names and some confusion as most of the proposed candidates were not consulted on whether or not they would be interested in running. The former Minister of Justice, Christiane Taubira (at the top with 13,063 mentions), the deputy of La France Insoumise François Ruffin (8,963 mentions) and the economist Gaël Giraud (5,215 mentions) were all named.
At the end of this first stage, which should last until October 11, the five women and five men who have received the most nominations will become the official candidates for the popular primary – provided they accept their nominations.
This is the main challenge for the organizers: to convince the representatives of the political parties of the Greens and of the left to participate in an unprecedented primary – which will take place at the end of November – and to recognize the results.
‘Nnot realistic ‘
“We call on them to assume their responsibilities. If they want to be a part of history, they will have to put aside their particular party interests and think of the greater good. Whoever wins our primary will have a real chance to win both. the Greens and the Socialists vote in 2022. Divided, it is a certain defeat, ”said Grzybowski.
The organizers of the primary are also counting on popular pressure. They hope to have at least 300,000 supporters registered on their platform before the beginning of October, putting them in competition with the 237,000 who support the leader of La France Insoumise Jean-Luc Mélenchon in the presidential election and the few thousand voters registered for the primary. of the Greens in September.
But despite Grzybowski’s steadfast optimism, the reality can be cruel. No party has formally committed to participate in the popular primary and several candidates have already ruled out any possibility of participating.
Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo, a likely Socialist Party presidential candidate, said on May 2 that she was “not in favor of a primary” while Mélenchon himself has said since the fall of 2020 that he would remain the candidate of his party.
“From the outset it was said that we wanted to contribute to the framing debates, but that in no case would we participate in a popular primary,” says La France Insoumise MP Eric Coquerel, contacted by FRANCE 24. “Create a between candidates who have such different agendas is unrealistic. And even if we assume there is an elected candidate at the end of this primary, the result will be the same as in 2017 – we will have losers who refuse to support the winner.
“It is clear that today we are facing a wall,” Grzybowski admits of the struggle to unify the left. “But I hope all of these politicians hear the cry of a generation and eventually understand that there is only one way to win in 2022.”
This article has been adapted from l’original in French.