Symptoms of early COVID-19 infection may differ across age groups and between men and women, suggests new research published in The Lancet digital health.
These differences are more noticeable between the younger age groups (16-59 years) compared to the older age groups (60-80 years and older), while men have different symptoms compared to women at early stages of COVID-19 infection.
Men were more likely to report shortness of breath, fatigue, chills, and chills, while women were more likely to report loss of smell, chest pain, and persistent cough.
“It’s important for people to know that early symptoms are varied and may seem different to each member of a family or household,” said lead author Claire Steves of King’s College London.
For the study, the team analyzed data from a COVID-19 symptom study app between April 20 and October 15. They modeled the first signs of infection and successfully detected 80% of cases using three days of self-reported symptoms.
This ML model was able to incorporate certain characteristics of the affected person, such as age, gender, and health conditions, and showed that the symptoms of early COVID-19 infection are different in different groups.
In the study, 18 symptoms were examined, which had different relevance for early detection in different groups. The most important symptoms for the earliest detection of COVID-19 overall included loss of smell, chest pain, persistent cough, abdominal pain, blisters on the feet, eye pain, and pain. unusual muscles.
However, the loss of smell in people over 60 was irrelevant for people over 80. Other early symptoms such as diarrhea were essential in the older age groups (60-79 years and over 80 years). Fever, although a known symptom of the disease, was not an early feature of the disease in any age group.
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