Unfortunately, vaccines can’t prevent every disease – and the same can be said for current COVID-19 vaccines, as officials at the Centers for Disease Control have started to share more details about what are known as cases of “revolutionary” coronaviruses. Because SARS-CoV-2, the virus that spreads COVID-19 around the world, has mutated and developed into different viral strains over time, fully vaccinated people can become infected without knowing it immediately. These groundbreaking cases are on the rise, as CDC officials have reported more than 6,000 people being treated for their illnesses nationwide, though that number may be underreported.
What is a “breakthrough” COVID-19 case?
The rise in groundbreaking cases can be attributed to a version of the virus now classified as a Delta variant, which may be even more contagious in Americans today than viruses that lead to MERS, Ebola, the flu or the common cold, according to the CDC. documents acquired by the New York Times. The Delta variant is found to be much more contagious than previous iterations of SARS-CoV-2, as this strain had triggered more than 80% of all new cases of COVID-19 here in the United States as of mid-July, according to CDC estimates.
While it is certainly more contagious, the breakthrough cases of COVID-19 caused by the Delta variant will not lead to new symptoms that experts have never seen, explains Marisa Montecalvo, MD, infectious disease specialist at New York Medical College. Many of the same symptoms that have been difficult for healthcare providers to deal with during the pandemic are still associated with the Delta variant and breakthrough cases thus far.
Even if you are one of those with a breakthrough infection, people who have been vaccinated are much less likely to have severe symptoms of breathing problems, fevers, body aches, or gastrointestinal pain. This is why it can be confusing for most people who have been vaccinated to differentiate a potential cold or stomach virus from a breakthrough COVID-19 infection – symptoms are usually much milder than for those who are not vaccinated. .
Whether you have been fully vaccinated for a few months or are still building immunity after your first injection, keeping the following symptoms in mind can help you determine whether it is worth seeking a COVID-19 test or medical attention. immediate.
What are the symptoms of a breakthrough COVID-19 infection?
Whatever strain might impact your health (Delta or whatever!), It’s important to remember that a COVID-19 disease looks and feels different to everyone – there is not just one set of symptoms that could affect you if you have SARS-CoV-2. It could be one, two, three or more of the symptoms that health experts have identified since the start of the pandemic, explains David Sullivan, MD, infectious disease specialist in the Department of Immunology and Molecular Microbiology at Johns Hopkins University.
Vaccinated people may have any of the following symptoms during infection with COVID-19:
- Generalized fever and chills throughout the body
- Nasal congestion, runny nose and sore throat
- To cough
- Labored breathing, chest pain and respiratory congestion
- Partial or total loss of taste and smell
- Fatigue and joint pain
- Diarrhea, nausea and vomiting
- Dizziness and eye inflammation, although more rare in patients
- Headaches, and what experts have called “brain fog”, even during periods of recovery
- Difficulty multitasking or concentrating on a task at hand
You may experience a certain pairing of symptoms at the same time, or develop a certain side effect before experiencing another – or, in asymptomatic cases, you may not experience any symptoms. A groundbreaking case is consistent with other outbreaks that have occurred in 2020 and beyond, and the treatment also remains largely the same, adds Dr Sullivan.
This content is imported from Twitter. You may be able to find the same content in another format, or you may be able to find more information, on their website.
Since the vaccines caused your body to respond to SARS-CoV-2, its response may cause you to experience symptoms later than usual. ” A [vaccinated] a person can still have a mild infection usually without symptoms, but a lower number of symptoms as well, ”says Dr. Sullivan. “We are still accumulating data on how often a vaccinated person can acquire the virus and pass it on to another person. ”
The Delta variant in particular has shown the ability to bind viral particles to what’s known as the ACE2 receptor (a part of cells located in your organs) much more efficiently than earlier versions of the virus. This is why groundbreaking cases probably occur in the first place, says Dr Sullivan, but adds that more research needs to be done to be sure.
Which breakthrough symptom is of most concern?
It can be difficult to distinguish some of the symptoms on this list – fever or cough, headache, for example – as a sign of a SARS infection rather than, say, seasonal allergies. But there is one particular symptom that Dr Sullivan has regularly noticed in his work on revolutionary diseases: Loss of taste and smell.
Why Partial or Total Loss of Taste and Smell is of Most Concern from a Physician’s Point of View is that it is more specific to cases of COVID-19 than to other diseases. “Loss of taste or smell is extremely indicative of a SARS-CoV-2 infection,” says Dr. Montecalvo. “While there are many respiratory viruses, it is unusual for this particular symptom to occur – but it commonly occurs with this infection. ”
The loss of your sense of smell or taste should prompt you to request a COVID-19 test or get help from your health care provider. “It is rare for tests to come back negative after loss of taste or smell, because symptoms of a cold or flu with sudden loss of taste and smell have a high probability of being COVID-19, ”Dr. Sullivan tells us. “But any onset of cold or flu-like illness symptoms should prompt you to ask for a test. “
It is not yet clear whether loss of your sense of taste or smell is common in breakthrough cases. Researchers have not yet presented data to suggest that Delta variant infections have specific symptoms; and CDC officials are trying to identify trends in current illnesses, such as a patient’s gender, underlying conditions, or the vaccine they received.
What to do if you think you may have a breakthrough COVID-19 infection:
It’s best to find a local testing site near you that can help you get tested, usually for free. You can access a complete list of federally supported testing centers in your area using the US Department of Health and Human Services directory here.
According to CDC officials, you (or a caregiver) should only contact emergency services if you have:
- Difficulty breathing and unable to breathe regularly
- Chronic pain or pressure in the chest or lungs
- Confusion and inability to wake up or stay awake
- Skin discoloration in pale, gray, or blue tints, especially on your lips or nails
Contacting your primary health care provider for help setting up a test or to discuss your symptoms. necessarily forcing you to seek additional care. Dr Montecalvo says milder illness is likely for anyone who experiences a breakthrough COVID-19 infection, as vaccines are quite effective in preventing death and preventing severe cases from requiring hospitalization. You will likely treat each symptom as it presents itself while you rest at home, in addition to isolating yourself and staying socially away from family, friends or roommates for a period of time to make sure the virus does not spread.
As more and more information about the coronavirus pandemic grows, some of the information in this story may have changed since it was last updated. For the most recent information on COVID-19, please visit online resources provided by the CDC, WHO and your local public health department.
This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported to this page to help users provide their email addresses. You may be able to find more information about this and other similar content on piano.io