Regulators have announced that those over 70 and those deemed clinically vulnerable to the virus will be eligible first if data suggests vaccine immunity wanes.
The Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunization (JCVI) has issued its interim advice on the roll-out of the booster vaccine as its scientists continue to analyze immunity data over the summer.
They are now convinced that vaccine protection lasts at least six months for most people.
If deemed necessary in the final JCVI opinion, the first stage of the boosters will be given the green light over the summer.
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It will also include front-line health and social service workers as well as residents of nursing homes for the elderly.
A second stage would then see all under 50s and anyone entitled to a free flu vaccine invited for their third dose of Covid-19 vaccine.
Health Secretary Sajid Javid said: “We have to learn to live with this virus.
“Our first COVID-19 vaccination program restores freedom to this country, and our recall program will protect that freedom.
“We are working with the NHS to make sure we can quickly implement this program to keep people protected during the winter months.”
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The program could see flu shots given alongside Covid vaccines, as doctors fear a dangerous flu season this winter.
This is because natural immunity to the flu is low after a year in which hardly anyone caught it due to isolation and social distancing.
Professor Jonathan Van-Tam, Deputy Chief Medical Officer of England, said: “Being able to manage Covid-19 with fewer or no restrictions is now highly dependent on the continued success of the vaccination program.
“We want to be at the forefront of the COVID-19 booster vaccination in order to keep as low as possible the likelihood of loss of vaccine protection due to decreased immunity or variants, especially during of autumn and winter to come.
“Fewer or no restrictions will mean other respiratory viruses, especially the flu, will make a comeback and will most likely be an additional problem this winter. “
The UK is on track to offer a first dose to all adults by July 19, two weeks ahead of schedule.
The JCVI is still considering whether to offer Covid-19 jabs to under-18s.
Professor Wei Shen Lim, President of Covid-19 for JCVI, said: “The primary goal of any potential Covid-19 booster vaccine program should be to reduce serious illness, including death.
“JCVI’s provisional advice is that, if a booster program is needed, a third dose of vaccine should be offered first to the most vulnerable, from September 2021 to maximize personal protection and protect the NHS before winter.
“Almost all of these people would also be eligible for the annual flu shot and getting the flu shot is highly recommended.
“We will continue to review emerging scientific data over the coming months, including data relating to the duration of immunity of current vaccines.
“Our last advice on booster shots can change dramatically. “