The fervent Catholic, French Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs in the aftermath of World War II, is credited with breaking the cycle of wars on the continuum and helped found NATO.
Papal recognition is an early stage in the process of canonization. Mr. Schuman, who died in 1963 and now bears the title of “venerable”, can only become a saint if two miracles are attributed to him.
The Roman Catholic Church teaches that only God works miracles, but that the saints in heaven intercede on behalf of those who pray to them. A miracle is usually the medically inexplicable healing of a person.
“Behind the action of the public man, there was the interiority of the man who lived the sacraments, who, when he could, went to an abbey, who reflected on the sacred Word before finding the form. of his political words, ”says the Vatican.
Pope Francis praised Mr Schuman’s legacy last year on the 70th anniversary of a landmark May 9 speech, the Schuman Declaration, which laid out his plan.
Born in Luxembourg in 1886 to a Luxembourg mother and a French father in an area annexed to Germany, he was of German nationality at birth.
After World War I, when the region was returned to France, Mr. Schuman became a French citizen.
Lawyer and member of the French National Assembly, he was arrested in 1940 by the German Gestapo after the German occupation of France, but escaped in 1942. He was active in the French resistance.
The Institut Saint Benoît, based in France, has been promoting the holiness of Mr. Schuman for several decades.
His theologians and historians heard from witnesses and reviewed all of his writings for the documentation that was sent to the Vatican and culminated in Saturday’s decree.
Mr Schuman is celebrated in Brussels, where the main EU institutions sit.
The metro station and the European Commission Square, whose officials are often characterized as having a religious zeal for their work, bear his name.
As recently as last week, Boris Johnson accused the EU of being “theological” in its approach to post-Brexit rules.