US expands citizenship for children of surrogate mothers – fr

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US expands citizenship for children of surrogate mothers – fr


Washington (AFP)

The United States on Tuesday facilitated the transmission of citizenship to children born to surrogates or in vitro fertilization, a move sought by the LGBTQ community after resistance from former President Donald Trump.

Under the new leadership of President Joe Biden’s administration, a child born abroad to a married couple that includes an American citizen will be granted citizenship at birth, whether the genetic relationship is with the American or his spouse.

Previously, the State Department required a genetic or gestational relationship with a U.S. citizen under its interpretation of the 1952 Immigration and Nationality Act.

“This updated interpretation and application of the INA takes into account the realities of modern families and advances in ART” or assisted reproductive technologies, State Department spokesman Ned Price said in a statement.

The policy change will affect both opposite-sex and same-sex couples, but had been particularly sought after by LGBTQ families, who have been beneficiaries of assisted reproductive technologies to have biological children.

LGBTQ rights groups and Democratic lawmakers protested after Trump’s State Department denied citizenship to children whose parents were American.

But last year, the State Department under Trump abandoned a fight over two legal challenges to his policy.

The cases in question often concern families of which only one parent is a citizen.

The United States itself is a prime location for surrogacy, with wide acceptance for a practice that is banned in a number of other Western countries, including France and Germany.

Biden has been a strong supporter of LGBTQ rights, overturning Trump’s measures, including banning transgender people from serving in the military.

Biden and Secretary of State Antony Blinken have both pledged to make LGBTQ equality a key foreign policy priority.

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