There has now been over 20 million reported cases of the coronavirus in India, with 357,229 new infections reported on Tuesday.
Some 222,408 deaths from the virus have been recorded since the start of the pandemic.
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But experts believe that the real figure for COVID the number of cases and deaths is higher.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has come under fire for failing to act faster to tackle the current spike in infections, as he allowed political rallies and religious festivals to continue through March and April.
England and India played numerous cricket matches earlier this year in front of thousands of spectators, although the crowds were evacuated around mid-March.
The IPL cricket season was scheduled to end on May 23, with qualifiers and eliminators to follow before the final on May 30.
A number of England players – including Eoin Morgan, Jos Buttler, Jonny Bairstow and Moeen Ali – took part in the competition, but the England and Wales Cricket Board said earlier that it was the individual’s decision to continue with participate.
Announcing the suspension, Indian cricket authorities said the decision was made “with the safety, health and well-being of all stakeholders in mind”.
There was no suggested date for a resumption of the season – adding that the league had been directed to try to bring “positivity and joy” to India.
The recent surge in new infections – faster than anywhere else in the world – has left the healthcare system of the world’s second largest country in terms of population on the brink of collapse.
Hospitals lacked oxygen, with families trying to stock up privately to try and help their loved ones.
The league’s suspension comes after two games were called off this week following positive tests at clubs.
On Monday, a game between Kolkata Knight Riders and Royal Challengers Bangalore had to be postponed after two players tested positive.
And earlier today, Chennai Super Kings announced that a coach and support staff member tested positive for COVID.
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It came ahead of their scheduled clash with the Rajasthan Royals which will take place in New Delhi on Wednesday.
The statement from the Indian cricket authorities said: “The Board of Directors of the Indian Premier League (IPL GC) and the Cricket Control Board of India (BCCI) at an emergency meeting have decided to the unanimity to postpone the IPL season 2021, with immediate effect.
“The BCCI does not want to compromise on the safety of players, support staff and other participants involved in the organization of the IPL. This decision was made with the safety, health and well-being of all stakeholders in mind.
“These are tough times, especially in India and although we have tried to bring some positivity and joy, it is imperative that the tournament is now put on hold and everyone returns to their families and loved ones in these difficult times. “
The statement added: “BCCI will do everything in its power to organize the safe and secure passage of all participants in IPL 2021.
“The BCCI would like to thank all the healthcare workers, state associations, actors, support staff, franchisees, sponsors, partners and all service providers who did their best to organize IPL 2021 even in these extremely difficult times. ”