A second volcano erupts near the city of Goma in DR Congo –

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A second volcano erupts near the city of Goma in DR Congo – fr


Goma (RD Congo) (AFP)

A second volcano erupted on Saturday near the eastern DR Congo town of Goma, a week after Mount Nyiragongo came back to life, wreaking havoc and causing an exodus.

“Today, the Murara volcano near an uninhabited area of ​​Virunga has erupted,” said government spokesman Patrick Muyaya, referring to a wildlife reserve that is home to a quarter of the world’s gorilla population. critically endangered mountain.

Murara is a small volcano considered to be a Nyamuragira crater, which, along with Nyiragongo, is known for its high volcanic activity.

It is located about 25 kilometers north of Goma, the capital of the province of North Kivu.

Located on the shores of Lake Kivu in the shadow of Nyiragongo, Africa’s most active volcano, the city has been living in fear since its eruption last Saturday.

The strato-volcano spat rivers of lava that killed nearly three dozen people and destroyed the homes of some 20,000 people before the eruption stopped.

Tens of thousands of people fled Goma last Saturday night, but many returned when the eruption ended the next day.

Scientists have since recorded hundreds of aftershocks.

They warn of a potentially catastrophic scenario – a “limnic eruption” that could suffocate the area with suffocating carbon dioxide.

Goma was calm on Saturday with limited tremors, about once an hour on average, compared to once every 10 minutes previously, an AFP journalist said.

There were a handful of vehicles on the streets which were half deserted and only a few small shops were open.

A report from an emergency meeting on Friday morning indicated that 80,000 homes – around 400,000 residents – had emptied Thursday following a “preventive” evacuation order.

– ‘Urgent and comprehensive support –

Most people headed for Sake, about 25 kilometers (15 miles) west of Goma where tens of thousands of people are gathered, or the Rwandan border to the northeast, while others fled. by boat across Lake Kivu.

Rwandan President Paul Kagame said on Friday evening those on the run needed “urgent global support”.

Aid efforts are organized to provide clean water, food and other supplies, and workers help reunite children who have been separated from their families.

Aid efforts are organized to provide clean water, food and other supplies, and workers help reunite children who have been separated from their families.

Nearly 10,000 people are taking refuge in Bukavu on the south shore of Lake Kivu, according to Governor Theo Ngwabidje, many of them with host families.

At nearly 3,500 meters (11,500 feet), the Nyiragongo straddles the tectonic division of the East African Rift.

Its last major eruption, in 2002, killed around 100 people and the deadliest eruption on record killed more than 600 people in 1977.

A report released on Friday after experts carried out a risk assessment at the top of the volcano, said “Seismicity and soil deformation continue to indicate the presence of magma beneath the Goma region, with an extension below the lake. Kivu ”.

People must remain vigilant and listen to news bulletins because the situation “can change quickly”, he warned.

Volcanologists say the worst-case scenario is an eruption under the lake.

# photo1 This could release hundreds of thousands of tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) that is currently dissolved in the depths of the water.

The gas would rise to the surface of the lake, forming an invisible cloud that would linger at ground level and displace oxygen, suffocating life.

In 1986, one of these so-called limnic eruptions killed more than 1,700 people and thousands of cattle in Lake Nyos, in western Cameroon.

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