Subsequent clashes between Arabs and Jews in other mixed cities across Israel, as well as violent clashes in the West Bank, added a layer of volatility to the conflict that had not seen several nights of clashes even after forces had deployed. additional security. Here is an overview of the ongoing conflict and the history of clashes between Israel and Palestinian militants.
What triggered this latest conflict?
The current eruption of violence began a month ago in Jerusalem. A focal point of the clashes was Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa Mosque, on a hill worshiped by Jews and Muslims, between Israeli police and Palestinian protesters over a court case in which eight Palestinian families risk losing their homes. occupied in East Jerusalem for the benefit of Jewish settlers.
On Monday, after a weekend of sporadic violence, hundreds of Palestinians were injured in clashes with Israeli security forces in the compound of Al-Aqsa, Islam’s third holiest site. After asking Israel to withdraw its security forces from the compound, Hamas fired a rocket barrage from Gaza at Israel. Israel retaliated with airstrikes on Gaza.
Israel views all of Jerusalem as its capital, while Palestinians want East Jerusalem, which includes sites sacred to Jews, Christians and Muslims, to be the capital of a future state.
WATCH | The view from the ground in Gaza and Israel:
How does Gaza take into account the current situation?
Large numbers of Palestinians who fled or were forced to leave what is now Israel during the 1948 war surrounding the creation of Israel ended up in Gaza, which fell under Egyptian control during that war.
Israel captured Gaza, along with the West Bank and East Jerusalem, in the 1967 Arab-Israeli War. The Palestinians want the three territories to form a future state.
The first Palestinian intifada, or uprising, erupted in Gaza in 1987 – the same year Hamas was founded – and then spread to other occupied territories. The Oslo peace process in the 1990s established the Palestinian Authority and gave it limited autonomy in Gaza and parts of the occupied West Bank.
Israel withdrew its troops and Jewish settlements from Gaza in 2005, after a much more violent second intifada.
Who controls Gaza now?
The militant group Hamas won the majority of seats in a Palestinian legislative election in 2006. This sparked a power struggle with the Fatah party of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, which culminated in a week of clashes in 2007 that left Hamas in control of Gaza.
Israel and Egypt imposed a blockade after Hamas took control. Israel – which controls Gaza’s airspace, territorial waters, population register and trade crossings – says the blockade is necessary to prevent Hamas and other militant groups from importing arms. Rights groups say the blockade is a form of collective punishment.
The closures, along with years of mismanagement and Hamas’ long-standing feud with the Palestinian Authority, have devastated Gaza’s economy. Unemployment is around 50 percent, power outages are frequent and tap water is heavily polluted.
Palestinians face severe restrictions on movement that make it difficult to travel abroad to work, study or visit family.
How did past conflicts between Israel and Hamas unfold?
The ongoing conflict is the fourth major confrontation between Israel and Hamas since 2008, although there have also been sporadic outbreaks. The militant Islamic Jihad group has also been implicated in this current conflict.
The worst conflict to date between Israel and Hamas – considered a terrorist group by many countries, including Canada – was the 2014 war. The kidnapping and murder of three Israeli teenagers by Hamas led to a seven-week war that has killed up to 2,200 Palestinians, according to the United Nations, more than half of whom are believed to be civilians; 73 people were killed on the Israeli side, including 67 soldiers.
Israel has been the subject of international criticism for civilian casualties in the previous three wars in Gaza, home to more than two million Palestinians. He claims Hamas is responsible for endangering civilians by placing military infrastructure in civilian areas and launching rockets from them.
Israel’s airstrikes and incursions into Gaza have left vast swathes of destruction, with entire neighborhoods in rubble and thousands forced into shelters in schools and other United Nations facilities. Israel says it is doing everything it can to avoid civilian casualties and accuses Hamas of using the residents of Gaza as human shields.
On Friday, the IDF said more than 2,000 rockets had been fired from Gaza into Israel since the current conflict began. He said about half of them were intercepted by Israeli missile defense systems and 350 fell in Gaza – which the military said resulted in some of the deaths in Gaza.
The range of these rockets has grown steadily in recent years, some hitting even in major metropolitan areas like Tel Aviv, Jerusalem and beyond. While the majority have been intercepted by Israeli missile defenses or have landed in open areas, they sow widespread fear and can bring life to a standstill.
Earlier this year, the International Criminal Court opened an investigation into possible war crimes in the Palestinian territories. He is expected to take a close look at the actions of Israeli and Palestinian activists in the 2014 war.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu condemned the decision as “a dark day for truth and justice”. While Israel is not a member of the court and does not recognize its jurisdiction, the Palestinians have been recognized as a member state and have called for an investigation.
How did previous conflicts end?
The previous conflicts were stopped thanks to the diplomatic intervention of Egypt and the United States. Hamas has observed an informal and unstable ceasefire with Israel in recent years, trading calm for blockade relief and hundreds of millions of dollars in aid from Qatar that was routinely delivered through the crossing point. Israeli from Erez.
Any broader resolution to the conflict seems more out of reach than ever. There have been no substantive peace talks in recent years, and Israel’s settlement expansion and plans to eventually annex parts of the West Bank have drawn serious criticism from advocacy groups. rights.