The U.S. government on Monday unveiled plans to boost offshore wind farms with the goal of providing power to more than 10 million homes by 2030, as part of President Joe Biden’s efforts to fight change climate.
The goal of the initiative – which will be led by the departments of trade, interior, transport and energy – is to produce 30 gigawatts of wind power in the country by that date, the White House in press conference.
Achieving this goal will require more than $ 12 billion in investment per year along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts, and is expected to create tens of thousands of jobs, the administration said.
The move is expected to reduce 78 million tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions, the White House said.
The government is considering designating an offshore wind development zone off the coasts of New York and New Jersey. The lots will be commissioned by the end of 2021 and the beginning of 2022.
Only one offshore wind farm is currently fully operational in the United States: the Block Island Wind Farm, completed at the end of 2016 off the state of Rhode Island and capable of producing 30 megawatts.
The Coastal Virginia Offshore Wind (CVOW) pilot project, with a capacity of 12 megawatts, saw its first phase come to an end in 2020. The final site is to be completed in 2026 and could supply energy to 600,000 homes.
Other projects off Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland and North Carolina are under development.
The Biden administration plans to give $ 230 million to ports to more easily modernize and support offshore wind projects. It will also grant loans of up to $ 3 billion to companies in the sector.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) will also share information with a specialist company, Orsted Wind Power North America, to fill gaps in ocean mapping.
The agency will also provide $ 1 million for research into the coexistence between offshore wind projects and coastal communities, especially fishermen.
Support for wind power stands in stark contrast to former President Donald Trump, who repeatedly ridiculed the renewable energy source during his tenure, saying it was expensive and inefficient.
Since taking office, Biden has also initiated several environmental protection measures that break with his right-wing predecessor.
© 2021 AFP