Historians have been studying France’s links to the massacre for two years, amid long-standing claims that the country could have done more to stop it.
French President Emmanuel Macron ordered the establishment of a 15-member commission in 2019 and gave its members access to archives to analyze France’s role in Rwanda from 1990 to 1994.
The report will be handed to Mr. Macron at 4.30 p.m. (3.30 p.m. GMT) on Friday, before being made public, according to AFP.
The commission does not include any specialist in Rwanda, which, according to the French presidency, was necessary to guarantee neutrality, AFP reports.Read more:
Instead, historians include experts on the Holocaust and the massacres of Ottoman Armenians during World War I, the agency said.
More than 800,000 Tutsis and Hutus who tried to protect them were killed for 100 days between April 7 and July 15, 1994.
The massacre was sparked on April 6 when a plane carrying Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana, who like most Rwandans was of Hutu origin, was shot down in Kigali, killing the leader.
The minority Tutsi community was accused of shooting down the plane, which it denied, and Hutu extremists began to kill them, along with moderate Hutus.
About 70% of the country’s Tutsi population was killed during the bloodshed.
In April 2020, just days before the 26th anniversary of the genocide, Rwandan authorities discovered a mass grave believed to contain up to 30,000 bodies in a valley dam outside the capital, Kigali.
A public inquiry into France’s role in the 1994 genocide held hearings in Kigali in 2006, where the French army was accused of complicity in the massacres of Tutsi.
Rwanda has also accused François Mitterrand, then French president, and three former French prime ministers in the past of being complicit in the genocide.
In 2011, a commission of inquiry set up by the government in Kigali accused Mr. Mitterrand, Edouard Balladur and two subsequent prime ministers – Alain Juppé and Dominique de Villepin – of “political, military, diplomatic and logistical” support for the regime. hutu.