Maryam Karimi and her father Ebrahim killed her husband, who was violent and abusive towards her, but who did not agree to divorce, 13 years ago.
Authorities arrested her and charged her with “pre-media murder” for her participation in the crime, and she spent more than a decade behind bars until her execution last week.
Maryam’s daughter, six years old at the time of the murder, refused to forgive her mother and was therefore allowed to participate in the execution on March 13 of this year.
She was executed after being charged with “in-kind punishment”, known in Iran as “Qisas”, or “eye for an eye” in the Islamic Republic.
Activist and journalist Aram Bolandpaz said of the case: “Four decades of brainwashing in schools, extreme punishments in Iranian society and a patriarchal regime means Maryam’s daughter was raised to ensure that the execution of his mother was a victory for a man, whether it was for his father or for the oppressive regime.
“Qisas is inhuman, savage and cruel no matter where in the world. For a country that prioritizes the rights of unborn babies and emphasizes that life is the most precious phenomenon, how can the Islamic Republic take hold of someone’s life in such a horrific way.
Qisas requires that the victim’s next of kin be present at the execution and they are actively encouraged to carry out the execution themselves.
Maryam’s father, Ebrahim, was brought in by authorities to see his corpse hanged, but it was not confirmed why authorities had not imposed the death penalty on him.
Iranian human rights director Mahmood Amiry-Moghaddam said: “The laws of the Islamic Republic make a girl whose father was murdered as a child the executioner of her own mother. The Islamic Republic is today the main promoter of violence in Iranian society. ”
The continued use of Qisas and the prevalence of the death penalty in Iran have also triggered calls from Iran Human Rights to halt the process as it “fosters further violence and cruelty across the Islamic Republic”.
Qisas’ death penalty has been upheld for the crimes of murder under the 2019 Iranian Islamic Penal Code.
The Qisas death sentences are also used for juvenile delinquents, while the Sharia sets the age of criminal responsibility for girls at 9 and at 15 for boys.
In 2019, 225 executions were carried out as Qisas, including 68 in a single prison, and 4 of those executions involving people who were minors at the time of the offense.