In numerous countries, coronavirus cases are on the rise again after dropping in late November.
here are the COVID-19[feminine[feminine Christmas restrictions and rules across the continent:
A second lockdown begins Tuesday for at least five weeks.
Dutch households will not be allowed to accommodate more than two visitors over the age of 13, and all public places, including hairdressers and nurseries, will close until January 19.
Schools will close until January 18, and people have been advised to stay home, not to go to work and to avoid contact with others as much as possible.
From December 24 to 26, households will be entitled to three visitors.
Restaurants, hotels and indoor gyms, which reopened just two weeks earlier, will close again from Friday.
Public gatherings will be limited to six people indoors and outdoors, instead of the 10 currently indoors and 50 outdoors, with a nationwide curfew from 11 p.m. to 5 a.m.
Schools will also close early for Christmas, but stores will remain open.
A hard lockdown in Germany begins on Wednesday, with schools and non-essential stores closed throughout Christmas and the New Year.
Germany has been under a slight lockdown since early November, with bars, restaurants and tourist attractions closed, but shopping and education are allowed.
Chancellor Angela Merkel blamed Christmas shopping for a “considerable” increase in social contact.
The new restrictions will last until January 10 but will be relaxed slightly from December 24-26, with a limit of five people – but Merkel has recommended a week of self-isolation before.
Drinking will be banned in public and fireworks sales will be banned before New Year’s Eve, while religious gatherings will be allowed, but only if people stay within 1.5m of each other and do not not sing.
A six-week ban on movement was lifted on Tuesday, but President Emmanuel Macron imposed a curfew from 8 p.m. to 6 a.m. until mid-January, with the exception of Christmas Eve, with France having suffered the highest number of cases in Europe.
Museums, theaters and cinemas will be closed until at least January, as will restaurants, bars and cafes.
A maximum of six adults and any number of children are allowed in the homes.
French ski resorts will remain closed and may reopen in January “under favorable conditions”.
From December 23 to January 6, travel between regions of Spain will be allowed, but only to visit friends and family.
Social gatherings on Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, New Years Eve and New Years Day will be limited to 10 people including children.
Curfews, which currently run from 10 p.m. to midnight depending on the region, will be pushed back to 1:30 a.m. on Christmas and New Year’s Eve.
Regional governments will have the power to toughen these rules, while some will have to open their borders after closing them.
The Canary and Balearic Islands will allow free movement.
A travel ban between different regions is in effect from December 21 to January 6, and people will not be allowed to leave their hometowns on Christmas Day, Boxing Day and New Year’s Day.
The current 10 p.m. to 5 a.m. curfew will remain, meaning the traditional midnight mass will not be able to take place, although churches can remain open.
Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte told Italians to expect a “more sober Christmas, without Christmas Eve gatherings, hugs and kisses”.
Rome is expected to impose a ‘red zone’ lockdown from Christmas Eve to at least Jan. 2, with extended nighttime curfews, non-essential traffic bans and the closure of non-essential stores.
Italy has seen its highest number of deaths since the end of March, bringing the total to 65,000.
Restrictions were relaxed before Christmas after Austria emerged from its second national lockout on December 7.
A curfew has been put in place between 8 p.m. and 6 a.m. and non-essential stores and other businesses have reopened.
Restaurants and bars will remain closed during the Christmas period for everything except take-out.
Hotels are only open to business travelers and people coming from countries with more than 100 cases per 100,000 inhabitants will need to be quarantined for 10 days.
Rules will be relaxed during the Christmas season to allow people to visit friends and family, but the measures will be reimposed before New Years Eve.
A gathering limit of 10 people will be fully lifted for Christmas and the curfew will be extended from 11 p.m. to 2 a.m. on December 24 and 25.