Speaking slots will only be given to executives who set stronger targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions over the next decade, announce long-term strategy to achieve net zero emissions, commit new funding for developing countries or have ambitious plans and policies to adapt to the impacts of climate change.
The letter – signed by Boris Johnson, Emmanuel Macron, Chilean President Sebastián Piñera, Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte and UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres – said “we hope to see you in December with a bold new commitment”.
“There will be no room for general statements,” he said.
A Morrison government spokesman said Monday that he had received the letter and was considering his response.
Morrison did not attend a UN climate action summit in New York last year while in the United States visiting the Trump administration at the time. Slots at this event were also reserved for countries announcing new commitments.
The December summit was discussed during a phone call between Johnson and Morrison last week. Johnson urged Morrison to commit Australia to a goal of reducing emissions to net zero by 2050. According to a Downing Street statement, he noted that the British experience had shown that “boost economic growth and reduce emissions. emissions can go hand in hand ”.
Morrison rejected the target, which was adopted last week by Japan and South Korea, respectively the fifth and seventh largest emitters in the world. His discussion with Johnson on this matter was not included in the Australian reading of the appeal.
Australia emphasized a “technology rather than tax” approach, including a statement that sets “broad targets” from which certain clean technologies – “clean” hydrogen, energy storage, steel and “low carbon” aluminum, carbon capture and storage and carbon soil – would become economically competitive with alternatives. Extended goals are not tied to a timeline or policies that require increased use of technology.
Politico Europe, which first released the details of the letter, reported that leaders of Japan and China, who recently announced that it will reach net zero emissions by 2060, are expected to be invited to speak at the event. Summit.
He said Europe’s invitation would depend on the outcome of a December 10-11 European Council meeting, where leaders will discuss increasing its 2030 target of a 40% reduction below 1990 levels to a reduction of 60%. He has a net zero goal for the middle of the century.
Britain was the first G7 country to legislate a goal of net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. Its emissions have fallen by more than 40% since 1990 as its economy has continued to grow.
The Morrison government has set a 2030 emissions reduction target of between 26% and 28% below 2005 levels, after rejecting a scientific recommendation from the Climate Change Authority of a 45% to 60% reduction over this period.
He said he would reach net zero at an unspecified point in the second half of the century and stopped making payments to the body responsible for climate finance for developing countries, the Green Climate Fund, Last year. Britain, which is hosting the next major UN climate summit in Glasgow next year, has called on industrialized countries to join it in doubling contributions to the fund.
A net zero emissions target is supported by more than 70 countries, approximately 400 cities, every Australian state, and major Australian business, industry, labor, agriculture and social groups.
A spokesperson for the Morrison government said Monday it was investing in new energy technologies that would allow Australia to “meet and beat” its emission reduction commitments while lowering energy prices and creating jobs.
Government emissions projections released last December suggested Australia would miss its 2030 target unless it uses contentious carry-over credits from the previous climate deal, the Kyoto Protocol. A Senate estimate hearing last week confirmed Australia was the only country planning to claim the credits, which several countries are opposed to and which analysts say have no legal basis under the Paris agreement.
The spokesperson said Australia had met its 2020 target under the Kyoto Protocol, which was a 5% reduction below 2000 levels by 2020. According to the most recent government data, National emissions are 3% lower than in 2000. Australia is meeting its Kyoto target through the use of carbon accounting rules.
The spokesperson said Australia’s performance contrasted with that of other countries, citing a 2019 United Nations Environment Program emissions gap report that found six G20 economies are expected to meet or barely meet their 2020 goals.
They said Australia’s emissions fell by around 13% between 2005 and 2018, while New Zealand’s fell by less than 1% and Canada’s emissions have stagnated.
Australia’s change in emissions mostly happened under Labor governments between 2007 and 2013, when they fell almost 15%. They had fallen 2.2% since the Coalition’s election in 2013, according to the most recent government data, covering the year through March.