Vous soupirez peut-être de soulagement que cette année pandémique tire enfin à sa fin - mais le nombre d'infections à coronavirus chaque jour sur ce continent est toujours très préoccupant. Au printemps, l'Italie était le pays qui a pris pour la première fois des mesures drastiques, avec un nombre de morts quotidien culminant à 919 à la fin du mois de mars. Aujourd'hui, l'Italie a de nouveau du mal à maîtriser les infections à Covid-19 et son économie en prend un coup. Pour en savoir plus, nous parlons du ministre italien des Affaires européennes, Vincenzo Amendola. </p><div> <p>Alors que les citoyens italiens s'inquiètent pour leur santé, l'économie a subi un coup légèrement supérieur à la moyenne des pays de la zone euro et l'Italie devrait être l'un des plus grands bénéficiaires des subventions et des prêts d'urgence de l'UE.
The Italian Minister for European Affairs, Vincenzo Amendola, explains to FRANCE 24 how his government intends to control the spread of the virus: “The contagion line is down but the number of deaths is quite high and worries us. We’re going to have different things. restrictions according to the regions but the maximum alarm for the government and the parliament is still on the table and indeed we are working to help curb this contagion like all European countries. ”
As hopes grow that Europeans will have access to Covid-19 vaccines as early as January 2021, the minister tells us that he is “confident” that a sufficient number of Italians will take the vaccine for the vaccination campaign to be effective: “In terms of vaccination, our country will be united to achieve this important exit from the tunnel. ”
Economically and diplomatically, Italy is set to become the biggest beneficiary of EU stimulus funding. However, the entire EU budget of € 1.8 trillion is currently blocked by a veto from Hungary and Poland, which oppose new rules that make obtaining EU funding conditional on compliance. rule of law commitments. Amendola insists that the new rule must come into force: “We are sticking to the agreement we signed on July 21. When we signed the agreement on the MFF and the next generation instrument, it was already clear that we wanted to introduce it. (Rule of law) conditionality. He adds: “It has been clear from the start that we belong to a community that not only shares resources, but also values. ”
As for the broader economic recovery, Italy’s GDP is already 4.5% lower than at the end of 2019 – a figure slightly worse than the euro area average. The minister said that the EU countries must remain united: “We must be united in what we are planning and also united to strengthen the market union, to strengthen the European economy because this is the best way to each of us, each 27 member states to get out of the crisis in a shorter timeframe. ”
With the resumption of Brexit negotiations in London on the last weekend of November, Amendola affirms that the Member States of the EU still fully support their negotiator, Michel Barnier: “Michel Barnier has all our confidence to go and negotiate on the base. of our interest as Europeans: our internal market rules, our fishing rules, in terms of defending the Irish agreement based on our identity. “He adds:” Europeans are united […] Unity among the 27 is based on the unity of our domestic market and the value chain working together. I do not see any advantage in having neither agreement nor negative agreement, so in this sense, we all move forward together because we are confident in our necessity. “