Covid-19 vaccine: which countries give priority to the first doses? | World news

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Hopes that the first effective Covid-19 vaccines could start distributing at the end of this year or early 2021 has led countries, including the UK, to announce who will be vaccinated first.While the World Health Organization has defined general guidelines for the priority of immunization, different countries have defined their own criteria.

This includes the United States, where the Centers for Disease Control’s Vaccination Program Interim Vaccination Program Manual, released late last month, identified minority ethnic groups – who were found to be more likely as “the population. potential ‘critical’ – for priority review along with residents and workers of nursing homes, prisons and psychiatric facilities, health workers and those over 65 and those with pre-existing conditions.


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In Europe, countries are at different levels of planning, with some already providing detailed advice on who and how the first round of vaccines can be administered, while others promise more details in the coming weeks.

So where are the countries at?

Germany

The government has acknowledged that he is unlikely to have enough doses for everyone at first. Health Minister Jens Spahn suggested it would take months to vaccinate the population with a target of 55-65% to achieve collective immunity.

A committee of the German Ethics Council, the Leopoldina (National Academy of Sciences) and the Standing Committee on Immunization of the official public health agency, the Robert Koch Institute, was tasked with developing guidelines for “fair and orderly access” with about 30-40% of the population in high risk groups by age or health status. This includes 23 million Germans over the age of 60.

Germany has said it intends to reduce pressure on intensive care beds by prioritizing people at significantly higher risk, with distribution first to tailor-made vaccination centers, and then through general practitioners.

The next level of priority will be those working in key public services, including health care and nursing home staff, and emergency services.

“In the foreground are of course nurses, doctors and also people belonging to a group at risk. However, this is already quite a large number in our country, ”Chancellor Angela Merkel said recently.

France

Like Germany, France relies on a group of advisory committees that have published draft guidelines for vaccine priority and a vast public consultation campaign aimed at countering vaccine reluctance in a countries with a history of resistance.

France estimates that 6.8 million of its citizens are at particularly high risk, including 1.8 million healthcare professionals and caregivers. In addition, around 23 million people could be considered vulnerable because of their age or chronic health conditions.

Although the WHO has advised to consider high-risk occupations in the vaccination strategy, France has extended this category to workers outside of healthcare, emergency services and nursing homes.

As taxi drivers and taxi drivers had higher death rates than healthcare workers in France’s first wave of infections, they were prioritized for vaccination. Five million other professionals would also be included because of their contact with the general public, including traders, school staff, as well as people working in slaughterhouses and construction.

The next priority groups for France would be those living in overseas territories lacking sufficient intensive care beds and workers in settings such as prisons or the military, and emergency services.

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