Fines of up to $ 1,000 have been set for those refusing to wear a face mask or social distancing. Establishments and places of worship could face fines of up to $ 15,000 for violating restrictions on mass gatherings.
The fines come amid a surge in coronavirus cases in several areas of New York City, including one strip in Brooklyn and two sections of Queens.
Large protests erupted in Brooklyn last week after Governor Andrew Cuomo announced new restrictions on schools, businesses and places of worship in areas where infection rates have increased.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.