New Macron bill aims to fight Islam in France, World News

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France is the source of secularism or “laicite” as the French call it. Islam is the second most professed religion in France, just behind Christianity.France has one of the most numerous Muslims in the Western world and has difficult relations with Islam.

French opposition leader Marine le Pen compared Muslims praying in the streets to the Nazi occupation. Anne-Christine Lang, member of Emmanuel Macron’s party, withdrew from a parliamentary hearing in September because a leader of a student union decided to wear a veil for the hearing.

In France, the old tradition of secularism clashes with the new reality of the country. Secularism, which is the defining principle of the French Republic, is now under serious challenge from Islam by law, Church and State have been separated in France for over 100 years now, which means that the laws of one religion can only be above the constitution that has been the driving force behind several new rules that many Muslims have called Islamophobic.

In 2010, France banned the burqa. A year later, street prayers on Fridays were prohibited. Three years ago, Muslim organizations sued the state for wanting pork-free meals in schools. From now on, the French president wants Islam to be fully compatible with French laws.

According to Macron, most Muslims also want it with these words President Macron launched his mission to contain political Islam in February for those living in France, this is no surprise since France has been the target multiple terrorist attacks in recent years.

In 2015, mass shootings took place in the offices of Charlie Hebdo, known for its provocative attacks against Islam. That same year, terrorists killed 130 people in another mass shooting. In 2016, a terrorist in Nice rammed his truck into a crowd on July 14, killing more than 30 people in the attack.

Public sentiment after the attack has turned against radical Islam as areas dominated by Muslims have been on the radar of lawmakers. Some experts call specific areas “the lost territories of the republic”, allegedly that government control is weak in these areas and that crime and Islamism flourish in some neighborhoods. These are obvious red flags for law enforcement, but Muslims fear their communities are under attack.

A spokesperson for the Muslim council said Macron was promoting a divisive cultural war. Yasser Louati – French Muslim activist tweeted: repression of Muslims has been a threat, now it’s a promise.

Macron says the anti-separatism law is an attempt to erase divisions within society, but if the crackdown on Muslim communities continues, the proposed law will only strengthen it.

When Charlie Hebdo reposted his cartoons on Prophet Mohammed, Macron said the French had the right to blaspheme. In July of this year, Turkish Erdogan converted Hagia Sophia into a mosque. Turkey defended this decision by invoking sovereignty. Sri Lanka last month discussed a ban on the slaughter of cows. The movement has been seen in favor of majority Buddhists.

They are all secular countries, that’s what they call themselves and yet they have laws that tend to favor one religion and upset another. This is true even in the most secular states and France is no exception.

The French Constitution says: “France will be a secular republic, it will ensure the equality of all citizens before the law without distinction of origin, race or religion. ”

France believes in the right to have an opinion on religion. He believes in the right to blaspheme and also believes in the separation of the state from religion, but its application seems almost impossible.

There are two big challenges. First, foreign interference, second, secularism against Islamic terrorism. France has the largest number of Muslims in Europe. There are 6 million Muslims and they represent at least 8% of the French population.

French Muslims are balkanized but their mosques, organizations and schools often receive funding from Muslim countries. France saw Muslims as temporary migrants, so it didn’t really care about interference from Muslim countries, but things started to change in the late 1900s. France realized the growing power of the movements. Islamic. There were triggers. In 1979, there was a revolution in Iran.

In 1982 Egyptian President Anwar el-Sadat was assassinated. In 1989, the Soviet Union withdrew from Afghanistan in the 1990s, France began to exercise control over its Muslim population, but it was not easy, there were obstacles like the Muslim World League .

The Saudi League promotes Saudi-style Islamic beliefs. It funded a number of mosques in the 1980s and 1990s. The same world league also funds the Tablighi Jamaat and the Salafists – all of which operated freely in Muslim neighborhoods in France. Another challenge was Alegria. He was reluctant to give up his role of guardian of the great mosque in Paris.

In 2000, France tried to contain the influence of the Muslim Brotherhood. At the start of Macron’s career, he declared that he “will lay the groundwork for the whole organization of Islam in France”.

In 2018, Macron began consulting with experts on how to create a framework for funding places of worship and collecting donations. He also wanted to control and train imams working in France. The idea was to reform religious organizations and end the influx of foreign funds into the Muslim community.

The threat of Islamic terrorism has been real in France since 2013, at least 1,700 French nationals have joined the Islamic State. France has seen several attacks orchestrated by the country’s Muslim citizens, whether it was the Charlie Hebdo attack in 2015 and / or the recent attack on two people with a meat cleaver.

Macron took office in 2015, it was in the wake of the terrorist attacks of November 2015 in which 90 people were killed. ISIS has claimed responsibility. Macron’s task has been removed to fight Islamic terrorism in France, as former President François Hollande, Macron decided to work towards the creation of a “French Islam” – a brand unique in France.

Saudi Arabia did it – a Saudi version of Islam. Turkey did it and now China is trying to do it by “sinicizing” Islam in the concentration camps in Xinjiang, but unlike China, France is a civilized society with a government that is held accountable.

He therefore introduced new laws to adapt Islam. Macron’s new bill aims to create a French Islam.

It is not France which seeks to separate the State from religion, it is France which codifies Islam to create a brand specific to the country.

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