As planned, the French mission will undertake the observation flight on the Swedish C-130N observation aircraft from Koubinka airfield.
The International Open Skies Treaty allows signatories to conduct unarmed surveillance flights at short notice in the territories of other participants who have ratified the treaty.
The treaty aims to build trust between states and promote transparency in military activities.
In a statement, the Russian Defense Ministry said Russian specialists would be on board the observation plane to ensure strict adherence to agreed protocols.
The C-130N is an observation aircraft and it is not designed to carry weapons.
The aircraft and the observation equipment installed on it, including aerial cameras, have obtained international certification.
Notably, the United States officially announced its decision to withdraw from the Open Skies Treaty in May, citing violations by Russia.
The United States has alleged that Russia is using the treaty to support propaganda narratives and justify its aggression against its neighbors.
A statement from the US Department of Defense (DoD) also feared that the treaty could be used by the Russian side to target military installations in the United States and in allied countries.
U.S. obligations under the treaty will effectively end next month.