European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen confirmed earlier this month that the EU will take legal action against the UK over the Internal Market Bill. She said: “We called on our British friends to remove the problematic parts of their internal market bill by the end of September. “This bill is, by its very nature, a violation of the duty of good faith set out in the Withdrawal Agreement. “Moreover, if adopted as is, it will be in total contradiction with the Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland. The internal market bill has been passed by parliament, but not without days of controversy and anger from Brussels, but the EU is plagued by its own issues regarding the rule of law and international agreements between Member States.
Backed by strong electoral mandates, their populist ruling parties interfere with the independence of the judiciary and strengthen state control over other institutions, including the media.
This led Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden to threaten EU budget plans, saying they would veto any framework if they did not bind the EU. distribution of funds to respect the rule of law.
The EU responded by launching the so-called Article 7 procedure, sometimes referred to as the nuclear option, as it can ultimately lead to a country having its voting rights withdrawn.
She also initiated legal proceedings against the two states before the European Court of Justice.
But Agata Gostyńska-Jakubowska, researcher at the Brussels Center for European Reform, stressed this year in her article for the Guardian that the countries of Europe are far from being free from guilt.
The World Justice Project’s annual rule of law index and the World Bank’s global governance indicators show a deterioration in the rule of law in other EU countries, notably Bulgaria, France, Italy, Greece and the UK (a member of the EU when the reports were published).
Mr Gostynska-Jakubowska highlighted examples where EU nations have seen international law and democracy under threat.
She said: “In Greece, the conviction of the country’s chief statistician for sharing economic data with the EU that contradicted statistics previously used by the country to deceive international creditors has cast a shadow over the judicial system.
“In Italy, legal proceedings take longer than almost anywhere else in Europe, and many criminals escape punishment because of the statute of limitations.
READ MORE: EU Free Trade Agreement sparked outrage in France – ‘We won’t agree! “
Ms Gostynska-Jakubowska was referring to Mr Johnson’s efforts to prorogue Parliament in 2019.
Mr Johnson was trying to see his Brexit withdrawal agreement with the EU through the Commons, but at the time, the Conservative Party had only a minority government.
Many opposition House MPs saw the suspension of Parliament as a tactic to force the deal without scrutiny.
Mr Johnson and his ministers have championed prorogation of Parliament as a routine political process that normally follows the selection of a new prime minister and would allow the government to refocus on a legislative agenda.
Last September, the Supreme Court ruled that the move was illegal.