After entire nations were shut down in the first wave of the coronavirus earlier this year, some countries attempt more targeted measures as cases rise again, particularly L’Europe and the Americas.
Here’s a look at the lockdown restrictions around the world:
Saturday, several French cities, including Paris and Marseille, were subject to restrictions including a curfew at 9 p.m..
Schools remain open and people will still be able to move between regions during the day.
However, owners of restaurants and bars in Marseille said the city was unfairly targeted last month for the country’s toughest viral rules at the time.
France reported around 180 positive cases per 100,000 inhabitants last week and higher concentrations in some cities.
Last week, new daily infections peaked at over 30,000.
President Emmanuel Macron has also restored the state of health emergency for France which ended three months ago.
Spanish officials have limited travel to and from parts of Madrid before restrictions were widened throughout the capital and in some suburbs.
The new restrictions will affect 860,000 people, or 13% of the region’s 6.6 million inhabitants, in an area where one in four new viral infections is detected.
The areas are also the poorest, most densely populated and have a prevalent virus incidence greater than 1,000 cases per 100,000 in the past 14 days.
Residents of working-class neighborhoods in Madrid with mobility restrictions said authorities stigmatized the poor.
Italy introduced strict restrictions after recording its highest number of infections per day.
With more tests in place, new daily infections in Italy have doubled in one week to more than 10,000.
Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte introduced a rule of six and gave mayors the power to impose a 9pm curfew in public spaces.
Restaurants and bars can only operate with table service after 6 p.m., but can stay open until midnight, while local festivals have been banned.
Italy also has a strict quarantine procedure, with patients only being able to end self-isolation if they have tested negative for the coronavirus twice 24 hours apart.
Authorities have also quarantined areas as small as one building.
When an apartment complex mainly housing migrant Bulgarian farm workers was locked down in the Italian town of Mondragone in late June, workers protested and around a dozen broke quarantine.
Other Mondragone residents feared the infection would spread and, at one point, surrounded buildings and made fun of the residents, one of whom threw a chair.
Eventually, the authorities called on the military to maintain the quarantine and keep the peace.
Chancellor Angela Merkel urged Germans to come together as they did in the spring to slow the spread of the coronavirus as the country released another daily record of new cases over the weekend.
“Tough months lie ahead,” she said in her weekly video podcast. “How will winter be, how will our Christmas be, everything will be decided in these days and weeks to come, and it will be decided by our behavior. “
Last week, Merkel and the governors of Germany’s 16 states agreed to tighten mask-wearing rules, limit gatherings to 10 people, and close bars early in areas with high infection rates.
The decision came hours after Germany reported more than 5,000 infections in one day for the first time since mid-April.
Authorities called on districts to take action when they report 50 new infections per 100,000 population for seven days. Many large cities have recently overtaken this mark, including Berlin, Cologne, Frankfurt, Stuttgart and Munich.
The new restrictions will see action taken once infections reach 35 per 100,000 people.
Despite increase in coronavirus cases and deaths, US infectious disease adviser Dr Anthony Fauci says things should get ‘really, really bad’ for him to advocate for a national lockdown.
The United States averages over 55,000 new cases a day and last Friday recorded the highest number of infections in a single day since July. More than 8.1 million cases have been reported and 219,666 people have died.
Half of US states are reporting an increase in new cases of Covid.
New YorkThe latest round of virus closures focus on individual neighborhoods, shutting down schools and businesses in hot spots of just a few square kilometers.
In New York’s tighter “red zones,” places of worship cannot accommodate more than 10 people at a time, and schools and non-essential businesses have been closed. These zones are set up in small orange and yellow zones with lighter restrictions.
Wisconsin issued an emergency order on Tuesday limiting public gatherings to no more than 25% of the total occupancy of a room or building, the governor after reporting his daily infections, death toll and hospitalizations.
Meanwhile, Kentucky Governor Andy Beshear has ordered authorities to step up the application of masks.
And in New Mexico, a cap on mass gatherings was announced and a 10 p.m. curfew was put in place for places serving alcohol.
Some researchers, however, say those in charge need to ask themselves not only where people live, but also where they go.
For example, in New York City, people can escape restrictions entirely by taking the subway at one or two stops.
Dr Wafaa El-Sadr, who is a member of the advisory boards in New York, said: “It’s pragmatic to appreciate ‘restriction fatigue’… but it’s strategic, as it helps mobilize substantial resources where they are most needed. ”
Other scientists are more suspicious. Benjamin Althouse, a researcher at the Washington State Institute for Disease Modeling, said: “If we are serious about eliminating Covid in a region, we need coordinated responses.”
Mr Althouse and other scientists have found that amid patchwork coronavirus control measures in the United States this spring, some people have traveled further than usual for activities such as worship, suggesting that they could have reacted to the closures by moving to less restricted areas.
However, he noted that choosing between limited shutdowns and more widespread restrictions is “a very, very difficult decision,” adding: “I’m glad I’m not the one taking it.”
An upsurge in infections in the Czech Republic in recent weeks has made it one of the most affected countries in Europe.
Authorities reinstated nationwide restrictions, including a ban on sports competitions, the closure of bars and restaurants and a ban on public gatherings of more than six people. Authorities are closing all schools until November 2.
The new measures sparked a violent protest in Prague over the weekend.
Prime Minister Mark Rutte said last week the country had to move closer to a full lockdown due to the spread of the virus, with cases increasing by around 60% in one week.
Last Wednesday, bars and restaurants were closed, the sale of alcohol after 8 p.m. was prohibited, and households could receive no more than three guests per day.
People were also advised to limit their use of public transport as much as possible.
Foreign nationals with valid Chinese visas and residence permits for work are now allowed to re-enter the country after a months-long ban, as the threat of new cases continues to decline.
Returnees will have to undergo two weeks of quarantine and follow other pandemic measures.
Officials on Thursday announced seven new cases of the coronavirus, all imported, marking the 39 day since China reported a case of national transmission.
Restrictions in Melbourne have been relaxed, with residents no longer limited in how much time they can spend away from home for education or socializing.
Restrictions for people to travel 5 km from their homes have been increased to 15 km and outdoor gatherings of up to 10 people from two households will be allowed.
The partial reopening of shops, bars and restaurants will begin on November 2.
At the start of the epidemic, countries tried to quell hot spots Wuhan, From China – where a strict lockdown was seen as essential to suppress transmission in the world’s most populous country – to Italy, where the decision to close 10 cities in the northern Lombardy region turned into a matter of weeks. into a national lockdown.
Other governments are hoping that the smaller-scale shutdowns can work this time around, along with testing, contact tracing and other initiatives.
Some scientists say that a localized approach, if well suited and explained to the public, can be an agile response at a complex time of the pandemic.
For hotspot closures to work, public health experts say, the message behind the measures is essential.
Henry F. Raymond, professor of epidemiology and biostatistics at Rutgers University, said, “Lead with: ‘Here is a community in need. We have to be empathetic. “
“This is not a criticism of the behavior of these people. It simply says, “These communities might need more attention.” “