The coronavirus has hit the UK hard, with the country recording hundreds of thousands of cases and more than 40,000 deaths linked to the disease. England faced the highest excess death rates in Europe during the first wave of the pandemic.
Where are the current coronavirus hot spots in the UK?
At the start of the pandemic, London suffered the brunt of the impact of the coronavirus.
Since then, however, the focus of the virus has changed. A number of areas have been under tighter restrictions due to rising infection rates since July, although some of those measures have now been lifted as cases have declined.
What the lockdown means varies from place to place and nation to nation. Details of English locks are listed here, Scottish locks here and Welsh here. The current restrictions in Northern Ireland apply across the country.
How is the disease progressing in the UK?
Cases in the UK peaked in early April, before starting to drop from May to early July. Since then, there has been an increase in daily cases, with numbers in September surpassing the previous peak – although this can be attributed in part to an increase in testing and targeted testing in areas of the coronavirus outbreak.
The number of people hospitalized with coronavirus rose sharply after recordings began in late March, peaking in April. The number of people in hospitals started to rise again – but more slowly – with the increase in cases in September.
Deaths were at their highest during the first peak of cases, with more than 1,000 daily deaths seen on certain days in April.
How much of the second wave is due to more testing?
Part of the sharp increase in cases in September can be attributed to an increase in testing. Much more testing was done in September than in the first wave of spring.
In March and April, there were relatively few tests available and these were given to people with severe symptoms – mostly in hospitals. Most people with milder symptoms have not been tested, so these cases have not been recorded, meaning the actual number of coronavirus cases is likely much higher. Sir Patrick Vallance said the daily number of cases could have exceeded 100,000 on some days of the first wave.
At the start of the second wave in September, more tests were available and the majority of people took tests in the community. This means that people with milder symptoms were tested and recorded in official figures. The actual number of cases will always be higher than the recorded count, but the tests will capture a greater proportion of the total amount.
However, given the exponential growth potential of Covid-19 – the shape of the case curve is of crucial importance, and the effect of the increase in cases can be seen in the hospitalization and mortality curves. above.
Find cases of coronavirus near you
The graph below shows the areas that have seen the highest daily peaks of new Covid-19 cases. Despite a first peak in early April, especially in Birmingham and Sheffield, cases in all areas are down in May.
In July, several regions saw an increase in the number of cases with the lifting of lockdowns – Leicester and parts of the north-west of England saw the restrictions reimposed.
Other regions experienced less dramatic peaks of infection. Find the case curve in your own region by typing in the search bar below.
From the table below, you can know the number of cases per 100,000 in your area, both for the past week and since the start of the pandemic.
About this data
This data comes from a variety of sources: the key figures come from Public Health England, which works with decentralized authorities in Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland. Local authority data for England and Wales also comes from Public Health England.
Historical data for Scottish regions is only available from the Board of Health and comes from Public Health Scotland. We exclude June 15th for Scottish data due to new historical data added on that day.
The most recent Northern Ireland data used in the maps and tables is from the NI Department of Health, but for the line charts above it is from Public Health England, which has historical data for the North Ireland.
There are differences in data collection practices and source publication schedules that may cause temporary inconsistencies.
Since first being identified as a new strain of coronavirus in Wuhan, China, late last year, Covid-19 has spread around the world.
The virus can cause pneumonia. Those who fell ill would suffer from cough, fever and difficulty breathing. You can read more about the symptoms here.
There are things you can do, like wearing a face mask, to protect yourself and slow the spread of the virus. The main ones regularly wash their hands for at least 20 seconds with soap and water, and get coughs and sneezes in the tissues.
- Due to the unprecedented and continuing nature of the coronavirus outbreak, this article is regularly updated to ensure it reflects the current situation as as good as possible. Any significant corrections to this or previous versions of the article will continue to be noted in accordance with Guardian’s editorial policy.