The French regulatory authority for electronic communications, Arcep, has produced a map available online showing the deployment of high-speed optical fiber in France.
Arcep has also created a tool that allows you to search for an address, a district or a municipality in order to see the theoretical maximum speed of broadband in this area.
The map below shows broadband speeds throughout mainland France. Yellow denotes areas where it is possible to have speeds greater than 1 Gbs, while darker colors indicate slower speeds.
France’s broadband plan
In 2013, France launched the France Very High Speed Plan 2013-2022 (PFTHD) which aims to allow all of France to access high speed speeds of 30Mbs or more by 2022, 80% of which should be provided by optical fiber.
In addition, French President Emmanuel Macron announced in 2017 that he wanted each household to have a broadband speed greater than 8 Mbps by the end of 2020.
The government is still trying to achieve this goal, but by the end of this year, an additional 3 million homes are expected to have access to very high speed broadband, French-Property reported.
Today, 61% of French households have access to speeds greater than 30Mbs. The European average for this speed is 80%.
Professor Pierre-Jean Benghozi, who heads a team of experts in carrying out a socio-economic analysis of the PFTHD, declared that the ambitions included in the plan aim to “strengthen the fabric of French companies, promote the emergence world leaders, but also to ensure that all players in the economy take ownership of digital technology. ”
In the first report of the analysis team, published on August 11 of this year, it indicates that at the end of 2019, 45% of households in France could be connected to the internet by optical fiber, or 16.7 million households. .
“Despite the Covid-19 crisis, at the end of the first half of 2020, this figure had risen to 19.6 million,” the report notes.
The total cost of the PFTHD has been estimated at € 21 billion. The share of public investment is estimated between 13 and 14 billion euros, part of which is financed by local authorities, while 3.3 billion euros will be financed by the national government.
However, a 2017 report by the consumer association UFC – Que Choisir called the goals of the PFTHD “wishful thinking.”
“The plan aims to cover 100% of the population with very high speed by 2022, including 80% by means of optical fiber. While the first goal is uncertain, the second is just an illusion, ”the report says.
“Indeed, our study shows that the current deployment of networks would only allow us to achieve this in 2035, ie 13 years behind schedule.”
The report also notes that in 2017, 11.1% of consumers (i.e. 7.5 million people) could not access a quality internet, the problem mainly affecting the smallest municipalities in France.
Since then, the French government has admitted that it will have to adopt a mixed approach, involving the use of different technologies such as fixed 4G mobile data, in order to achieve its goal of connecting all households to Internet speeds above 30Mbs. by 2022.
Mr Macron said in a 2017 speech: “Fiber [optic internet] will not be put everywhere, until the last kilometer of the last hamlet.
Find out more about the Internet in France:
4G coverage of French municipalities without deferred reception
France will have 30MB / s Internet for everyone by 2022
An online map follows the deployment of fiber in France