Less than two months before the US election, President Donald Trump seems to have something to celebrate: a nomination for the Nobel Peace Prize.
A far-right Norwegian politician nominated Mr Trump for the 2021 award, citing the president’s role in the recent peace deal between Israel and the United Arab Emirates.
Christian Tybring-Gjedde told Fox News on Wednesday: “For his merit, I think he has done more trying to create peace among nations than most of the other nominees for the Peace Prize. ”
Adding that he was not a big supporter of Trump, he added. “The committee should look at the facts and judge it on the facts – not how it sometimes behaves. ”
Of course, a nomination is not the same as winning – we won’t know the winner for 13 months – so what can we do with this news?
So who can name a person?
For an application alone, the barrier to entry is low: all applications from heads of state or politicians serving at the national level are accepted.
University professors, directors of foreign policy institutes, former Nobel Prize winners and members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee are also among those deemed qualified to apply for the prize. Nominations do not require an invitation and as long as they are entered by February 1 of the qualifying year, they will be accepted.
For the 2020 Nobel Peace Prize – whose winner has not yet been announced – there were 318 candidates. The Norwegian Nobel Committee does not publicly comment on its nominees, who are kept secret for 50 years.
Has Mr. Trump ever been appointed?
And for the second time, he has to thank Mr. Tybring-Gjedde. In 2018, the right-wing politician was one of two Norwegian lawmakers to nominate Mr. Trump for the same prize and then for his efforts to bring North Korea and South Korea closer together.
Mr Trump did not win the award that year, but Mr Tybring-Gjedde, a member of the Progressive Conservative Party, insists the US president meets the criteria this time around.
Last month, Israel and the United Arab Emirates reached a deal to normalize relations, with Israel agreeing to suspend its controversial plans to annex part of the occupied West Bank – announced by Mr Trump in a surprise statement.
This is only the third Arab-Israeli peace agreement since Israel’s declaration of independence in 1948, and marks the first official diplomatic relationship between Israel and an Arab Gulf country. The Palestinian leadership would have been caught off guard by the deal.
“This is a hard-earned and well-deserved honor for this president,” White House press secretary Kayleigh McEnany said on Wednesday. “Career politicians are just talking about the kind of results this president has achieved on the world stage. “
Has an American president ever been appointed?
Mr. Trump is one of many US Presidents to receive the Peace Prize nomination, including President William Howard Taft, President Herbert Hoover and President Franklin Roosevelt.
And if he were to receive the coveted award, Mr. Trump would be the fourth US president to win, after President Woodrow Wilson in 1920, President Jimmy Carter in 2002 and President Barack Obama in 2009.
Mr. Obama’s nomination – after just a few months of work – has come under fire in the United States, with some saying it hasn’t had an impact worthy of the award.
Among his detractors? Mr. Trump, who tweeted in 2013 calling for the cancellation of Mr. Obama’s award.
Former Nobel Secretary Geir Lundestad later said he regretted the selection of Mr. Obama. “Even many Obama supporters thought the price was a mistake,” he told the AP news agency. “In that sense, the committee did not achieve what it hoped for. ”
Mr Obama donated the $ 1.4million (£ 1.08million) prize to charity.
Have there been any controversial appointments before?
While the most famous winners of the award are Martin Luther King Jr, Nelson Mandela and Mother Teresa – all of those who have won the award – the general nomination criteria mean that past nominees have included some very unorthodox and controversial selections.
Adolf Hitler was nominated for the Peace Prize in 1939 by a member of the Swedish parliament. Submitted by satire, the nomination was withdrawn shortly after. A few years later, Soviet leader Josef Stalin was nominated for the same award, twice, receiving nods in 1945 – for his efforts to end World War II – and again in 1948.
Once nominations are submitted, the winner is selected by a five-person Nobel committee appointed by the Norwegian Parliament. The 2021 prize winner won’t be announced until October of next year.