The elections come amid popular discontent with the economic hardship made worse by COVID-19 and allegations of corruption.
In July, the Jordanian electoral commission set November 10 as the date for parliamentary elections after the monarch called for nationwide polls at the end of parliament’s four-year term.
The king issued a royal edict ordering the dissolution of Parliament as of Sunday. The assembly comprises 130 lawmakers, mostly pro-government tribal officials, businessmen and former security officials.
This move will likely be followed by a broader government reshuffle to stave off popular disenchantment over economic hardship exacerbated by the economic blow from the coronavirus pandemic and allegations of official corruption.
King Abdullah appointed Prime Minister Omar al-Razzaz in 2018 to defuse the biggest protests in years against tax hikes pushed by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to reduce Jordan’s large public debt.
The Jordanian parliament has legislative powers, but many in the country see it little more than a rubber-stamping body made up mostly of businessmen or individuals with tribal affiliations.
Constitutionally, most powers belong to the king, who appoints governments and approves legislation.
The main political opposition in the country comes from a party drawn from within the ranks of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, but it faces legal restrictions on its activities.