The election is indirect, the senators being chosen mainly by some 75,000 locally elected officials such as municipal councilors. They vote for 172 of the 348 seats in the Senate, whose senators serve six-year terms.
The conservative Republican party is expected to retain its majority, now at 143 seats.
The Macron’s Republic on the Move party was created just four years ago and has 23 seats in the outgoing Senate. He has lost popularity since the last election in 2017 due to yellow vests protests against policies seen as favoring the rich, party infighting and voters’ disenchantment with Macron’s leadership, including his management of the coronavirus crisis.
The Greens, meanwhile, got a boost in this year’s municipal elections thanks to growing public concern over climate change. He hopes Sunday’s election will give him enough senators to form an official voting group in the upper house. The party currently has only four senators and needs 10 to form a group.
French senatorial elections take place every three years, with part of the chamber being replaced each time.
Macron’s party has struggled in the recent elections and the president has not announced whether he will run for a second term in 2022. The virus pandemic and resulting recession, as well as years of protests, have jeopardized its major projects to transform the French economy to make it more global. competitive and reinvent European unity.
In recent weeks, France has been grappling with a resurgence of the virus which has already killed more than 31,600 of its citizens, one of the highest virus death rates in Europe.
Macron’s party still controls the lower house of parliament, the National Assembly, which has the final say in Senate legislation. And Republicans who dominate the Senate generally support Macron’s business-friendly economic policies.