The Trump administration said Friday night it would act “in the next few days” to extend a soon-to-expire arms embargo on Iran – after a failed US resolution to extend it in the Security Council of ONU.
“The United States has acted in good faith throughout this process and made it clear to all parties that failure is simply not an option,” UN Ambassador Kelly Craft said on Friday. in a statement to the Council.
UN SECURITY COUNCIL REJECTS US RESOLUTION TO EXTEND ARMS EMBARGO IN IRAN
The American resolution, which would have extended the embargo for 13 years “until the Security Council decides otherwise”, received only two votes in the room. Russia and China voted no, while other Council members abstained.
The embargo is due to expire on October 18 as part of the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA) – known as the Iran nuclear deal. The United States abandoned the deal in 2018 and embarked on a “maximum pressure” campaign against Tehran that included sanctions against those responsible and the Iranian economy.
But while the United States has abandoned the agreement, it claims to retain the rights under UN Resolution 2231, which enshrined the agreement and included a “rollback” clause that allows a country individual to reimpose all sanctions against Iran – including the arms embargo.
In his remarks on Friday, Craft indicated that this is what the United States intends to do.
“Under resolution 2231, the United States has every right to initiate a rollback of the provisions of previous Security Council resolutions,” she said. “In the coming days, the United States will follow through on this pledge to do nothing to extend the arms embargo.”
Speaking moments after Friday’s vote, President Trump’s national security adviser Robert O’Brien told Fox News’s Martha MacCallum on “The Story” that the result was “disappointing but not surprising” .
O’Brien warned that the United States has other tools in its toolbox and would take some “severe action at the United Nations,” and said he expects recovery sanctions to take effect. game
He noted that it was not over yet, saying, “We lost today, but it is not over yet. ”
The “snapback” move is likely to meet fierce resistance from China, Russia and possibly other Council members – who say the United States is now out of the deal and not. should therefore not be able to use part of it for its advantage.
“Having withdrawn from the JCPoA, the United States is no longer a participant of the JCPoA and therefore is not eligible to demand that the Security Council invoke a recovery,” Chinese Ambassador Zhang Jun said in a statement after the vote.
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“The overwhelming majority of the members of the Security Council believe that the American attempt has no legal basis,” he said. “If the United States insists independently of international opinion, it is doomed to failure as it is today.”
The Chinese diplomat then accused the United States of having “abandoned its international obligations and withdrew from multilateral agreements and international organizations, shattering its own credibility.”
U.S. officials have warned that the expiration of the embargo would allow Iran to purchase fighter jets, attack helicopters, tanks, submarines and missiles with a range of up to 300 km.
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Other countries, even allies of the United States, fear that a reimposition of the arms embargo will lead Iran to abandon the nuclear deal altogether.
Acting British Ambassador Jonathan Allen said in a statement that while the UK had raised concerns about Iran’s destabilizing behavior in the region, the UK had abstained, “because it was clear that it would not attract the support of the Council and would not represent a basis for reaching a consensus “and therefore would not contribute to regional stability.”
“Nonetheless, we are ready to work with Council members and JCPoA participants to seek a way forward that could gain Council support,” he said.
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Russia, meanwhile, called for a meeting of the leaders of the five permanent members of the Security Council, as well as Germany and Iran, as part of what the Kremlin called an effort to avoid the ‘climbing.
“If the leaders are basically ready for a conversation, we propose to coordinate the agenda quickly,” said Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Rich Edson of Fox News and The Associated Press contributed to this report.