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Brazil 2,859,073 cases, 97,256 deathsPresident Jair Bolsonaro called the disease a “little flu” as it raged through his country and scoffed at measures such as wearing masks. Two health ministers have resigned and Brazil’s epidemic is the second deadliest in the world.

Inde 1,964,536 cases, 40,699 deaths

India instituted a strict national lockdown in March that slowed the spread of the virus but failed to contain it. As the country began to ease checks, cases have increased and it now has the third highest number. Death rates are low, but it is not known whether this reflects reporting problems or a relatively resilient population.

Iran 317,000 cases, 17,800 deaths

Iran experienced one of the first major epidemics outside of China. A lockdown slowed its spread, but after that was eased in April, cases rebounded. Several senior officials have tested positive and the government has tightened controls, including making masks mandatory in public places.

Israel 78,300 cases, 565 deaths

Israel had an early travel ban and strict lockdowns, and in April Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said the country was a world example in controlling Covid-19. But cases, which by May were down to 20 a day, skyrocketed after the country started to open up. Partial controls have been reinstated with warnings that could follow.

Mexico 456,100 cases, 49,698 deaths

President Andrés Manuel López Obrador joined with other populists from all political backgrounds in rejecting the threat of the coronavirus; when schools closed in March, he shared a video of himself hugging his fans and kissing a baby. The epidemic is today one of the worst on the continent.

Philippines 115,980 cases, 2,123 deaths

A strict lockdown from March to June kept the disease under control, but slashed the economy for the first time in 20 years. Cases have increased steadily since the country began to emerge from lockdown, and President Rodrigo Duterte has said the country cannot afford to fully reopen as it will be overwhelmed by another peak.

Russia 865,000 cases, 14,465 deaths

The coronavirus took a long time to reach Russia, and travel bans and a lockdown initially slowed its spread, but checks were twice lifted for political reasons – a military parade and a referendum allowing Putin to stay in power longer. Despite the world’s fourth largest epidemic, controls are now relaxed across the country.

Serbia 27,000 cases, 614 deaths

Cases are increasing rapidly, hospitals are full and doctors are exhausted. But the government backed down from its plan to re-establish lockdown controls after two days of violent protests. Critics attribute the sharp rise in cases to authorities who allowed mass rallies in May and elections in June. Officials say this is due to a lack of sanitary discipline, especially in nightclubs.

South Africa 529,000 cases, 9,200 deaths

South Africa has by far the largest epidemic on the African continent, despite one of the tightest lockdowns in the world. Sales of alcohol and cigarettes have even been banned. But it began to reopen in May, apparently fueling the recent surge in cases.

WE 158,000 deaths, 4.8 million cases

The US ban on overseas travelers came late, and while most states implemented lockdowns of one form or another in the spring, their duration and severity varied. Some places that were among the first to lift them are now struggling with rapidly growing epidemics, and the country has the highest number of confirmed cases and deaths. Opposition to lockdowns and the wearing of masks remains widespread.

Source: Johns Hopkins CSSE, August 6


Photograph: Mark R Cristino / EPA

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