Saba Sahar, one of the first Afghan directors, was shot dead, officials said.
The 44-year-old was taken to hospital but the extent of her injuries was not immediately clear.
Her husband, Emal Zaki, said she was on her way to work Tuesday in the capital, Kabul, when three gunmen opened fire on her car.
Ms. Sahar is one of Afghanistan’s most famous actors, as well as a director and activist for women’s rights.
The shooting took place in western Kabul, Zaki told the BBC. There were five people in the car, he said – Ms. Sahar, two bodyguards, a child and the driver. Bodyguards were also beaten and injured, her husband said. The child and the driver were not injured.
Mr. Zaki said he heard gunshots about five minutes after his wife left the house. He said when he called her she told him that she had been shot and shot in the stomach.
“I arrived at the scene and found them all injured,” he said. “She received first aid and we transferred her to the emergency hospital, then to the police hospital. ”
He said she underwent a successful operation.
Ms. Sahar trained as a police officer and still works for the Interior Ministry. His films and television programs have explored justice and corruption.
Responding to news of Tuesday’s shooting, Amnesty International said there had been an “extremely worrying” increase in attacks on film actors, political activists and human rights defenders in Afghanistan.