How long before there is a safe and effective vaccine?
Dr Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said over the weekend: “The way the rate of registrations continues and the level of infections that are occurring in the United States, it is likely we will have an answer by the end of the year. ”
“I would say a safe bet is at least knowing that you have a safe and effective vaccine by November, December,” he told The Times in the UK. He declined to comment on which vaccine might be a favorite, but added, “I wouldn’t be happy until a vaccine was safe and effective, before it was actually approved for general use.” But Fauci warned against rushing a vaccine for political gain without first knowing it was safe. During the Republican National Convention, mainly online, President Donald Trump said, “We are offering life-saving therapies and we will produce a vaccine before the end of the year, if not sooner. We will defeat the virus, end the pandemic, and come out stronger than ever. “
The president’s speech at the convention appeared to speed up somewhat the timeline set by “Operation Warp Speed,” his administration’s effort to financially support the rapid development, manufacture and distribution of a COVID-19 vaccine, therapeutics and diagnostics. As part of this program, the administration says it aims to have the initial doses of the vaccine by January 2021.
As of Sunday, COVID-19 has now infected more than 25 million people worldwide, which typically ignores asymptomatic cases, and has killed at least 842,892. The United States still has the highest number of cases of COVID-19 in the world (5,961,582), followed by Brazil (3,846,153), India (3,542,733) and Russia (987,470), according to data aggregated by Johns Hopkins University.
in combination with the University of Oxford; BioNTech SE BNTX,
and Pfizer PFE partner,
; GlaxoSmithKline GSK,
Johnson & Johnson JNJ,
; Merck & Co. MERK,
; MRNA modern,
; and Sanofi SAN,
are among those currently working on COVID-19 vaccines.
Also see:Sweden has adopted collective immunity, while the UK has given up on the idea – so why do they both have high death rates from COVID-19?
In a separate interview with the “Colors” podcast on Friday, Fauci said it was imperative to recruit a diverse number of people into a vaccine to ensure it was safe and effective for everyone, and said that the coronavirus had thrown “a very bright light”. on the disparities of the American health care system. Even after the vaccination, he said something had to be done to address these disparities.
He said, “You want to show that it’s safe and effective in all parts of society. If we don’t get African Americans, Latinx and Asian Americans and Native Americans, if we don’t represent them correctly in the proportion of those in the essay, we won’t know for sure. – although you can assume it, but you want to prove it – that it is safe and effective in this group. “
But experts warn that a vaccine is unlikely to provide 100% immunity to the population. Social distancing and masks aside, Fauci has previously said that aiming for 100% herd immunity – as Sweden has attempted – instead of shutting down schools and businesses to flatten the curve of new COVID cases – 19, would have dire consequences for the American people.
Anders Tegnell, the Swedish epidemiologist who spearheaded the plan, admitted the country had made a mistake. “If we were to encounter the same disease with the same knowledge that we have today, I think our answer would be somewhere between what Sweden has done and what the rest of the world has done,” he said. he said in June when the country hit Europe’s highest death rate.
Countries like South Korea, New Zealand and China – where the virus is believed to have originated from a food market in Wuhan at the end of last year – appear to have had more success in the fight against COVID- 19. Earlier this week, for example, New Zealand acted quickly to lock down Auckland after COVID returned after 102 days without reporting a new infection.
L’indice Dow Jones Industrial Index DJIA,
S&P 500 SPX,
et Nasdaq Composite COMP,
ended earlier on Friday, framed largely by a speech by Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell, who likely ushered in an era of looser monetary policy after the central bank abandoned its long-standing practice of raising rates preventively to avoid higher inflation.