The seven-day average of new daily cases has been over a quarter of a million for the past two weeks.
The increase in cases remains largely due to the Latin America and Caribbean region, as well as Asia, where cases are on the rise again, according to JHU figures. Mortality rates remain highest in the former.
Brazil has recorded more than three million cases and 100,000 deaths, just behind the United States, which is by far the most affected country with more than five million cases and 160,000 deaths.
However, India’s death rate remains relatively low, according to JHU data. India has about three deaths per 100,000, or just over 44,000 in total, compared with nearly 67 deaths per 100,000 or more than 46,000 in the UK, which has the highest death rate of 20 most affected countries.
The UK is among several European countries seeing new clusters of infection amid fears of a second wave. Stay-at-home orders have been put in place in parts of northern England where outbreaks have been identified. The UK registered 1,113 new cases on Sunday, bringing its total to more than 310,000.
Spain saw a rapid increase in the number of cases last week, with 4,507 new cases registered on Friday. Daily figures have reached levels not seen since before the state of emergency ended on June 21, with the country reporting more than 314,000 cases and 28,000 deaths in total.
Leading French scientists warned last week that its situation is “fragile” and could “change course at any time towards a less controlled scenario like in Spain for example”. Paris introduced compulsory mask wearing in outdoor spaces, with national daily cases reaching 3,897 on Friday – the highest since May. Belgium also saw a new peak – its average weekly number of new infections rose 62% in the last week of July compared to the previous week, according to the country’s health authorities.
Africa confirmed more than one million cases of Covid-19 on Friday, according to a CNN tally based on JHU data.
South Africa has more than half of the reported cases on the continent, with more than 550,000 confirmed infections, the fifth highest number in the world, and more than 10,000 deaths.
The World Health Organization (WHO) regional director for Africa, Dr Matshidiso Moeti, warned on Thursday that the lack of testing across Africa remains a “constant and worrying challenge.”
Covid-19 is now spreading among young people around the world, with the proportion of cases among adolescents and young adults multiplied by six, and among young children and babies by seven times, according to the WHO. The increase could be explained by broader testing, better detection of milder cases and a changing hotspot demographics, but “an increase in risky behavior after the relaxation of public health and social measures” is also expected. to blame, the agency said.
“Behind these statistics, there is a lot of pain and suffering,” WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus told a press briefing in Geneva on Monday.
Tedros highlighted countries like New Zealand and Rwanda as examples of places that are doing well in the fight against Covid-19.
New Zealand has celebrated 100 days without community transmission while Rwanda is making progress with similar measures, he said. Testing and treatment are free, people who test positive and all their potential contacts are visited and tested by health workers.
“I know a lot of you are in mourning and this is a difficult time for the world,” Tedros said. “But I want to be clear: there are green shoots of hope and no matter where a country, region, city or town – it’s never too late to reverse the epidemic. “