Published on: Amended:
Le gouvernement français doit rendre un décret lundi, avec effet immédiat, rendant obligatoire le port du masque dans tous les «espaces publics intérieurs» avec des amendes de 135 € pour non-respect. Le terme n'est pas défini dans la loi française et le Premier ministre doit encore clarifier les lieux concernés et comment les mesures seront appliquées. Voici ce que nous savons jusqu'à présent.Le port obligatoire des masques faciaux était initialement prévu pour le 1er août, mais les craintes d'une résurgence de nouvelles infections à Covid-19 ont poussé le gouvernement à reporter le décret au 20 juillet.
“As of Monday, wearing a mask will be compulsory in confined spaces, as Prime Minister Jean Castex announced. This concerns shops, establishments open to the public, covered markets and banks, ”the Minister of Health Olivier Véran tweeted on Saturday.
“Preventive measures and screening remain essential to effectively fight the virus.”
From Monday, wearing a mask will be compulsory in closed places as announced by @JeanCastex. This concerns shops, establishments open to the public, covered markets, banks, etc.
Barrier gestures and screening remain essential to effectively fight the virus.
– Olivier Véran (@olivierveran) July 18, 2020
The concept of “closed public space” is not precisely defined in French law, but since the idea is to target places frequented by a large number of people, the decree will probably be based on what we calls an ERP (establishment welcoming the public).
Masks are already compulsory in concert halls, cinemas, theaters, on public transport and in retirement homes for the elderly. In bars and restaurants, staff are required to wear them all the time and customers are required to enter and when they leave their tables.
No shopping without a mask
From Monday, masks must be worn in all shops, indoor markets, banks, museums and monuments, indoor parking lots, hotel halls, train stations and university amphitheatres.
The issue of wearing masks in stores had been a bone of contention.
Until now, it has been up to businesses to decide whether or not to require customers to wear a mask at the entrance, putting salespeople in complicated situations. From Monday, all customers will have to wear masks in all stores, regardless of their size.
Francis Allard, aerosol specialist at CNRS welcomed this measure, especially in shopping centers.
“There is a real risk,” he says. The Parisian. “In shopping centers, air conditioning means that air is often recycled internally. Little fresh air enters, helping the virus to spread. ”
“Customers who refuse to wear a mask will not be admitted,” warned Jacques Creyssel, general delegate of the Federation of Commerce and Distribution (FCD), a group of the main French supermarket chains.
Zones grisesLes entreprises privées ne sont pas concernées par le décret et peuvent décider de leurs propres politiques "au cas par cas", a déclaré le Premier ministre Jean Castex Le Parisien-Aujourd’hui en France.
In general, however, employees will be required to wear masks during meetings or if the minimum distance of 1 meter cannot be respected.
New recommendations will be added to existing health protocols, the prime minister told the Senate.
We still don’t know if people will have to wear masks at church or when they watch a movie at the cinema.
The cinemas having reopened on June 22, they must respect the measures of physical distancing, leaving free places between the spectators. People had to wear masks in the lobbies and when moving around the cinema, but not during the film itself.
“We need to harmonize the regulations so that they are easy to read and everyone can understand them, otherwise people will not follow them,” Allard said.
AmendesLe non-port du masque dans des espaces publics définis entraînera une amende de 135 €, comme c'est le cas pour les transports en commun.
the Prefect de Mayenne, in western France, which recently experienced a peak in the number of Covid-19 cases, had already introduced such a fine and made it compulsory to wear a mask throughout the department.
Belgium recently imposed fines of € 250 for failing to wear masks in designated areas and England must introduce a € 110 fine for people caught shopping without a mask.