Under a new scheme reserved for the United Kingdom, these people are the first to have been designated for sanctions such as the travel ban and the asset freeze.
- 20 Saudi nationals involved in the death of a journalist Jamal Khashoggi;
- 25 Russian nationals involved in the ill-treatment and death of the auditor Sergei Magnitsky, who discovered widespread corruption;
- two high-ranking Burmese generals involved in violence against the Rohingya and other ethnic minorities.
Two organizations involved in forced labor, torture and murder in the North Korean gulags have also been listed.
New sanctions are expected to be announced in the coming months.
Announcing the new post-Brexit sanctions regime to MPs, Foreign Minister Dominic Raab said in the House of Commons: “Today this government and this House are sending a very clear message on behalf of the British people.
“Those who have blood on their hands, the thugs of despots, the henchman of dictators will not be free to waltz in this country to buy property on King’s Road, to do their Christmas shopping in Knightsbridge or frankly to siphon dirty money through British banks or other financial institutions. ”
He said the measures, which will take effect immediately, were “only the last step in the long struggle against impunity for the worst human rights violations”.
Raab also warned that organized criminals “will not be able to launder your blood money in this country”.
It is the first time that the United Kingdom has sanctioned individuals or entities for human rights violations and abuses under an exclusively British regime.
The new autonomous regime will allow the UK to work independently with allies such as the United States, Canada, Australia and the EU.
“As we forge a dynamic new vision for a truly global Britain, this government is absolutely committed to making the United Kingdom an even stronger force for good in the world,” said Mr Raab.
Mr. Khashoggi, a critic of the Saudi regime, was murdered inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul in October 2018.
His death led to an international conviction of the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Mohammed bin Salman, accused of having ordered the murder.
However, he denied this and blamed the journalist’s death on a fraudulent operation by a team of agents.
Magnitsky discovered large-scale tax evasion in Russia and died in prison after testifying against corrupt officials.
It lends its name to the American “Magnitsky Act”, which imposes sanctions on perpetrators of human rights violations.
Mr Raab paid tribute to Mr Magnitski and told MPs that the auditor’s wife, Natalia, and her son, Nikita, had been following the debates on the Commons since the Foreign Ministry.
The Minister of Foreign Affairs was scheduled to meet with Magnitski’s family on Monday and his colleague Bill Browder.
A special unit of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs will consider the use of future sanctions, which Mr. Raab told deputies that work has already started.
Senior Conservative MPs Insisted China Take Action Under New Regime, Tom Tugendhat – Chair of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee – Told Raab “Silent Silence on Rights Abuses” of man in China ”.
“There are no announcements yet of sanctions against those who exploit or abuse Uighur minorities in Xinjiang or suppress democracy activists in Hong Kong,” he said.
Former Conservative leader Sir Iain Duncan Smith has asked that Hong Kong CEO Carrie Lam be placed on the sanctions list.
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Lisa Nandy has said that the UK is a “refuge” for those who use corruption, torture and murder for their own ends.
“Today I hope sends a strong message that the UK is not home and that their dirty money is not welcome here,” she told MEPs.
Kate Allen, Director of Amnesty International in the UK, said: “We strongly support efforts to bring more human rights violations to justice, but with a unilateral approach, the UK faces the risk of sanctions are selectively taxed by the United Kingdom for primarily political reasons.
“It is far better to have a joint multilateral approach, through the United Nations or the EU for example. “