The deal, which Iran signed with the U.S., Britain, Germany, France, China and Russia in 2015, has collapsed since U.S. President Donald Trump withdrew Washington in 2018, triggering sanctions intended to paralyze the economy of the Islamic Republic.
EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell, who is the pact coordinator known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, or JCPOA, said Friday that in the letter, Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif had requested redress under the “dispute settlement mechanism, as set out in paragraph 36 of the agreement”.
No details on the nature of Iran’s “implementation problems” with Britain, France and Germany were provided. The dispute settlement mechanism provides for a period of approximately one month, which may be extended if all parties agree, to resolve any disagreement.
The international community in general – and the United Nations Security Council in particular – is faced with an important decision: are we maintaining respect for the rule of law or are we returning to the law of the jungle?
My address in front of the UNSC on Res. 2231Persan: https://t.co/QJx8XE1nJ3
English: https://t.co/daZPnF2Voj pic.twitter.com/pAUAeTSxjs
– Javad Zarif (@JZarif) June 30, 2020
In a June 19 tweet, Zarif said the three countries “must stop saving the face of the public and find the courage to publicly declare what they admit in private: their inability to fulfill even (their) own JCPOA obligations by because of the total inability to resist American intimidation. . ”
Zarif’s letter to Borrell was sent a day after a mysterious fire broke out at the Natanz underground facility where Iran enriches uranium.
Britain, France and Germany see the nuclear deal as a cornerstone of regional and global security and have struggled to keep it alive since the withdrawal of the United States, putting in place a system parallel to try to maintain capital flows to Iran as its economy weakens.
On January 15, they reluctantly triggered the agreement’s dispute settlement mechanism themselves to force Iran to discuss possible breaches of the agreement, Tehran appearing to back off and refusing to be bound by its limits. uranium enrichment. They then suspended the action.
Borrell said that the dispute settlement process “requires intensive efforts in good faith by all.” He stressed his support for the agreement, saying it “is a historic achievement for global nuclear non-proliferation contributing to regional and global security” and remains committed to preserving it.
At the end of last month, the Iranian president warned the UN nuclear watchdog to expect a “harsh response” regarding his requests for Iran to provide access to sites that have allegedly stored or used undeclared nuclear material.
Tehran was irritated by a resolution adopted by the board of directors of the International Atomic Energy Agency demanding access to the sites. The resolution was proposed by Great Britain, France and Germany. Russia and China voted against. Iran has rejected allegations of nuclear activity at the sites in question.