The French government has announced new environmental measures, including a ban on heated terraces for cafes and bars.
Ecology Minister Barbara Pompili said outdoor heating or air conditioning was an “ecological aberration”.
The ban will not take effect until after the winter, as restaurants have been hit hard by Covid-19, she added.
All heated or air-conditioned buildings open to the public will also have to keep their doors closed to avoid wasting energy.
Ms Pompili told reporters that it was wrong for stores to “air-condition the streets” in the summer by keeping their doors open just to prevent customers from having to open them.
“The terraces also should not be heated in winter so that people feel warm when drinking coffee,” she said.
- Summers could become “too hot for humans”
- “Increasing chance” of exceeding the target of 1.5 ° C
Professional groups claim that more than 75% of restaurants and cafes in the Paris region have a heated terrace.
Ms Pompili said officials would discuss with owners how to implement the measure after winter.
She was appointed by new Prime Minister Jean Castex, who pledged € 20m ($ 23m; £ 18.2m) for climate-related investments, as part of a stimulus package € 100 million to help the economy recover from the coronavirus pandemic.
The measures announced by Ms. Pompili also include the creation of two natural parks and a national nature reserve.