What is dexamethasone, and how can it help treat coronaviruses?

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But, the drug is readily available in hospitals and should now be “standard of care” in Covid-19 patients on ventilators or oxygen, the researchers said.

Advice will go out to all NHS hospitals to act on the results, so those who could benefit from the steroids could get it.

Dexamethasone side effects

Some of the common side effects that can occur while taking corticosteroids, including dexamethasone, according to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) are:

  • Anxiety
  • abnormal behavior
  • subcapsular cataract
  • cognitive impairment
  • tiredness
  • fluid retention
  • gastrointestinal discomfort
  • headaches
  • impaired healing
  • increased risk of infection
  • irregularities in their menstrual cycle
  • altered mood
  • nausea
  • psychotic disorder
  • skin reactions
  • sleep disorders
  • weight gain

Companies that manufacture dexamethasone?

Dexamethasone has already been produced by manufacturers as a treatment for other illnesses, such as asthma.

The Indian pharmaceutical companies are one of the largest producers of the drug, reportedly exporting around £ 11 million in the year ending April 2020, according to CNBCTV-18.

The big Indian drug maker is Cadila Healthcare (also known as Zydus Cadila).

Cadila also recently signed an agreement with Gilead Sciences to manufacture and distribute remdesivir – another Covid-19 drug treatment.

Successful case studies

A man who recovered from coronavirus after he received doses of dexamethasone said that the steroid drug “no doubt” helped save his life.

Retired manager Peter Hareng, who worked at the John Lewis store in Cambridge, received dexamethasone in a lawsuit at the City of Addenbrooke Hospital.

The 69-year-old, from Little Downham, near Ely, was admitted to hospital on April 28.

He said he was given the drug in pill form at the start of his stay, adding that he believed it was a daily dose, and that he was well enough to be released on the 6th. May.

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