The US President, Donald Trump has signed an executive order introducing a number of reforms to the police while rejecting the calls to defund or dismantle the police.
Her order offers federal grants to improve the practices, including the creation of a database to track violations committed by the agents.
It comes in the middle of the anger over the killings by police of african-Americans, but Mr. Trump did not comment on the ongoing US racism debate.
Several cities in the united states have proposed more radical reforms.
Speaking at the White House Tuesday, Mr. Trump began by saying that he had met a number of African-American families who had lost loved ones, including the relatives of Antwon Rose, Botham Jean, and Ahmaud Arbery – the jogger-black killed in Georgia at the beginning of this year.
No representatives of the family were present with Mr. Trump, who spoke while flanked by police officers.
What does Trump say?
In his speech, the president again defended the police, while condemning the looters and ” anarchy “.
“We need to find a middle ground,” Mr. Trump said. “But I am strongly opposed to the radical and dangerous efforts to defund, dismantle and dissolve our police services. ”
He added that ” without the police, it’s chaos.”
“The americans believe that we must support the brave men and women in blue of the police in our streets and keep us safe,” Mr. Trump said.
“The americans also believe that we need to improve accountability, increase transparency, and to invest more resources in the training of the police, recruitment and community engagement. ”
The last reform movement began after the death in custody of George Floyd’s last month.
Mr. Floyd has died after a white police officer of Minneapolis is kneeling on his neck for nearly nine minutes. The murder sparked global protests, led by the Black Lives Matter movement.
There was fresh outrage after the death of another black man, Rayshard Brooks, who was shot and killed during an attempted arrest in Atlanta last Friday.
- The fight that the cost Rayshard Brooks his life
- Why are WE, the manifestations are so powerful this time
What is the Advantage of command includes?
The Trumpet announcement comes as Democrats and Republicans in the US Congress are in development, the reforms of their own.
The president’s executive order aims to provide incentives for police departments to improve by tying some of the federal grants for ” best practices “.
It will create a federal database of complaints filed against police officers. It will also encourage the deployment of social workers to the sides of the agents to treat non-violent cases involving drug addiction and homelessness.
The White House underscored the idea is to make the police closer to communities.
The order will also be a priority of federal subsidies to the departments who obtain certifications of standards, improvement of the training and employment of the force.
“In the framework of this new accreditation process, chokeholds should be prohibited, except if an officer is in danger,” Mr. Trump said. “Everyone says that it is time, we have to do. ”
The president said that the government was looking into new ” reduced lethality weapons, to avoid fatal interactions.”
Mr Trump has described the Atlanta incident as ” very disturbing “, and said that his initiative was ” about safety “.
The president has also ordered that George Floyd is death, but rejected suggestions of entrenched racism in the police.
What do critics say?
Critics say the measures fall short of the deep reform that many are in search of.
After this announcement, the Democratic leader in the Senate, Chuck Schumer has called on lawmakers to spend more and more daring of the legislation.
“Unfortunately, this decree will not deliver the full meaningful change and accountability in our country of police services that the Americans are demanding,” he said.
Top House Democrat Nancy Pelosi said the order ” unfortunately falls and the severity of what is necessary to combat the epidemic of racial injustice and police brutality that is murdering hundreds of Black Americans “.
“During this time of national distress, we need to insist on a bold change, not meekly surrender to the bare minimum,” she continued.
The president of the command does not affect the non-qualified immunity – a doctrine that protects government officials to be responsible, unless they violate “clearly established” constitutional rights.
The proponents of the reform say the doctrine of the means of the police are not held accountable, but the White House has called the issue a nonstarter, and the Supreme Court on Monday also refused to examine it.
Kristina Roth, a senior official of the criminal justice programme officer at Amnesty International usa, said Mr. Trump, in order ” amounts to a Band-Aid for a bullet wound “.
The law and order president
The analysis by Tara McKelvey, BBC correspondent from the White House
With the signing of the executive order, Trump dug a little.
He called himself a law and order president and took a hard-line approach on protestors. But on Tuesday, he spoke of changes within the police.
He used dramatic language, saying that he was concerned about justice. He also described the executive order, saying officers would be, for example, can now be accompanied by social workers when they go to help the drug addicts or homeless people.
The decree was hardly the extent of reform that activists have called for, however.
The president spoke with even more passion about the economy, and the White House was filled with staff members who were not wearing masks.
– As the president tried to convey the message that the nation and its economy are now back to its once healthy self.
What other reforms have been proposed?
In Minneapolis, some council members have announced plans to defund and dismantle the police service.
In Atlanta, following Rayshard Brooks death, Mayor Keisha Lance Bottoms required a series of changes related to the use of lethal force by the police. These include a “duty to intervene” if a police officer sees the offence committed by a colleague.
San Francisco, Los Angeles, New York and Chicago are among the cities that have said they will reform their policies on the use of force, and root out racist officers.
In New York, Governor Andrew Cuomo has signed legislation on Tuesday requiring the state police, soldiers wear body cameras, and the creation of a new office to investigate the conduct of the police.
At the federal level, Democrats have introduced their own legislation in the House of Representatives.
He has called for a ban of chokeholds method of restraining suspects, and the ban on no-knock warrants – which allow the police to enter a property without notifying the residents.