The president Trump is expected to sign an order to suspend the H-1B, L-1, and other temporary work visas until the end of the year, according to multiple sources familiar with the plan.
The new order — which should come with broad exceptions — comes as the administration continues to struggle with high unemployment among American workers because of the sars coronavirus pandemic, as well as kick-start the economic recovery.
The order of the target of H-1B visas, which are designed for certain skilled workers, such as those employed in the high technology industry, as well as the L-1 visas, which are intended for executives who work for large companies.
The action of the executive is also expected to suspend the H-2B visa for seasonal workers, such as hotel and construction staff; J-1 visas, which are intended for researchers, and teachers and other cultural and work exchange programs. Trump could renew the suspension when they fall. The order should not immediately affect anyone already in the united States.
“No matter how you slice it, this is shaping up to be a great victory for American workers at a critical time,” said RJ Hauman, government relations director for the Federation for American Immigration Reform, which advocates for lower immigration levels. JUST had called Asset suspend guest worker visas.
“We have reservations about possible abuse of the scope of exceptions, but there is still time for that to be addressed, both now and during the implementation,” Hauman said.
The White House did not immediately respond to questions about the plans.
If it is signed, it would be the last of restriction of immigration imposed by the Trumpet of the administration since the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic earlier this year.
In May, Trump has issued a temporary halt on new green cards, but stopped short of suspension of guest-worker programs among the concerns of the business community.
Negotiations are in progress in the last order of addition of various exceptions, including if the au pair should be included, and changes may still occur before Trump signs the measure, which could happen imminently. But the plans of the order, have already raised significant concerns within companies and industry groups, as well as universities that rely on foreign workers, and researchers.
“The prohibition of H-1B visas, which are often used to fill very niche positions that are not easy to find in the American workforce, will ultimately prove counter-productive and is an example of the use of a nuclear bomb, to the address of a fight in a bar,” said Leon Fresco, a former assistant attorney general of the Obama administration, which today accounts for H-1B workers.
The order includes many exceptions.
It does not apply to the H-2A agricultural workers, which Trump says are necessary to ensure that grocery store shelves remain stocked with fruits and vegetables. The health care workers involved in the treatment of coronavirus, patients could be exempted.
The order to make exceptions for travel in the national interest, particularly in the areas of the economy, public health and national security. The U.S. State Department will review and approve these requests on a case-by-case basis.
In 2018, the Trumpet of the administration of the first tightened the rules for firms than the contracts of highly skilled workers who are in this country on H-1B visas. The visas were themselves far from unanimous. Used by US companies to hire highly skilled foreign workers in situations where they say that there is a shortage of U.S.-born talent.
The visas are good for three years and renewable for a further term of three years. Critics of the visas — 85 000 of which are issued each year — to say that the American workers are very successful in competition with workers who can be paid less.